About the Law

Federal prosecutors frequently choose to charge individual defendants with a variety of crimes under a number of different statutes. An organized crime figure who committed a murder while negotiating a drug deal, for example, might be indicted for murder, drug dealing, and numerous organized crime and conspiracy offenses. During the data collection process, the Justice Department asks the prosecutors to select the "lead charge" on all referrals that they handle. Obviously, these judgments often are somewhat subjective when multiple serious charges are involved. Sometimes, they are influenced by the political needs of the moment: an administration, for example, that wants to show the public it is concentrating on organized crime or threats to the nation's internal security.

Here then, as viewed through the lens of federal prosecutors across the country, are the most frequently cited "lead charges" involved in referrals coming from the DEA. The complete text of these frequently cited lead charges can be viewed by selecting the particular statute of interest in the following table.

Click on statute to view text

U.S. Code Description
 18 USC 00002 Aiding and Abetting
 18 USC 00111 Assaulting, resisting, impeding certain officers
 18 USC 00922 Firearms; Unlawful acts
 18 USC 01001 Fraud/false statements or entries generally
 18 USC 01347 Health Care Fraud
 18 USC 01365 Tampering with consumer products
 18 USC 01951 Hobbs Act
 18 USC 01956 Laundering of monetary instruments
 18 USC 01957 Monetary transactions w/property from unlawful act
 18 USC 01960 Prohibition of illegal money transmitting business
 18 USC 02118 Robberies/burglaries w/controlled substances
 21 USC 00841 Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A
 21 USC 00843 Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts C
 21 USC 00846 Attempt and conspiracy
 21 USC 00952 Importation of controlled substances
 21 USC 00959 Possession, manufacture, or distribution for purpo
 21 USC 00960 Prohibited acts A
 21 USC 00963 Attempt and conspiracy
 31 USC 05332 Bulk Cash Smuggling into or out of the United States
 46 USC 70503 Possession control substance on vessel subject to jurisdiction of US
 46 USC 70506 Penalties

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