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2 Convictions
in Fiscal Year 2024


    18 USC Sec. 1511                                            01/05/2009




    Sec. 1511. Obstruction of State or local law enforcement


      (a) It shall be unlawful for two or more persons to conspire to
    obstruct the enforcement of the criminal laws of a State or
    political subdivision thereof, with the intent to facilitate an
    illegal gambling business if -
        (1) one or more of such persons does any act to effect the
      object of such a conspiracy;
        (2) one or more of such persons is an official or employee,
      elected, appointed, or otherwise, of such State or political
      subdivision; and
        (3) one or more of such persons conducts, finances, manages,
      supervises, directs, or owns all or part of an illegal gambling
      (b) As used in this section -
        (1) "illegal gambling business" means a gambling business which
          (i) is a violation of the law of a State or political
        subdivision in which it is conducted;
          (ii) involves five or more persons who conduct, finance,
        manage, supervise, direct, or own all or part of such business;
          (iii) has been or remains in substantially continuous
        operation for a period in excess of thirty days or has a gross
        revenue of $2,000 in any single day.
        (2) "gambling" includes but is not limited to pool-selling,
      bookmaking, maintaining slot machines, roulette wheels, or dice
      tables, and conducting lotteries, policy, bolita or numbers
      games, or selling chances therein.
        (3) "State" means any State of the United States, the District
      of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory
      or possession of the United States.
      (c) This section shall not apply to any bingo game, lottery, or
    similar game of chance conducted by an organization exempt from tax
    under paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of section 501 of the
    Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, if no part of the gross
    receipts derived from such activity inures to the benefit of any
    private shareholder, member, or employee of such organization,
    except as compensation for actual expenses incurred by him in the
    conduct of such activity.
      (d) Whoever violates this section shall be punished by a fine
    under this title or imprisonment for not more than five years, or


    (Added Pub. L. 91-452, title VIII, Sec. 802(a), Oct. 15, 1970, 84
    Stat. 936; amended Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat.
    2095; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(2)(C), Sept. 13,
    1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)


      Paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of section 501 of the Internal
    Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (c), is classified to
    section 501(c)(3) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.


      1994 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fine under this
    title" for "fine of not more than $20,000".
      1986 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-514 substituted "Internal Revenue
    Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".
      Section 801 of title VIII of Pub. L. 91-452 provided that: "The
    Congress finds that illegal gambling involves widespread use of,
    and has an effect upon, interstate commerce and the facilities
                          PRIORITY OF STATE LAWS
      Section 811 of title VIII of Pub. L. 91-452 provided that: "No
    provision of this title [enacting this section and section 1955 of
    this title, amending section 2516 of this title, and enacting
    provisions set out as notes under this section and section 1955 of
    this title] indicates an intent on the part of the Congress to
    occupy the field in which such provision operates to the exclusion
    of the law of a state or possession, or a political subdivision of
    a State or possession, on the same subject matter, or to relieve
    any person of any obligation imposed by any law of any State or
    possession, or political subdivision of a State or possession."
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