Judge Glen R. Baker

FY 2015 - 2020, Kansas City Immigration Court

Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. appointed Judge Baker in November 2014. Judge Baker received a bachelor of arts degree in 1982 from James Madison University and a juris doctorate in 1994 from Thomas M. Cooley Law School. From 1995 to 2014, he served as an attorney advisor for the Board of Immigration Appeals, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), U.S. Department of Justice. During this time, from 2010 to 2011, he served as an associate general counsel for EOIR. From 1994 to 1995, Judge Baker worked as a judicial law clerk for the Harlingen Immigration Court, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. From 1993 to 1994, he was the managing editor for the Thomas M. Cooley Law Review. Judge Baker is a member of the North Carolina State Bar.

Deciding Asylum Cases

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Figure 1: Percent of Asylum Matters Denied

Detailed data on Judge Baker decisions were examined for the period covering fiscal years 2015 through 2020. During this period, Judge Baker is recorded as deciding 474 asylum claims on their merits. Of these, he granted 85, gave no conditional grants, and denied 389. Converted to percentage terms, Baker denied 82.1 percent and granted (including conditional grants) 17.9 percent. Figure 1 provides a comparison of Judge Baker's denial rate fiscal year-by-year over this recent period. (Rates for years with less than 25 decisions are not shown.)

Nationwide Comparisons

Compared to Judge Baker's denial rate of 82.1 percent, nationally during this same period, immigration court judges denied 66.7 percent of asylum claims. In the Kansas City Immigration Court where Judge Baker was based, judges there denied asylum 84.5 percent of the time. See Figure 2.

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Figure 2: Comparing Denial Rates (percents)

Judge Baker can also be ranked compared to each of the 526 individual immigration judges serving during this period who rendered at least one hundred decisions in a city's immigration court. If judges were ranked from 1 to 526 - where 1 represented the highest denial percent and 526 represented the lowest - Judge Baker here receives a rank of 212. That is 211 judges denied asylum at higher rates, and 314 denied asylum at the same rate or less often. Ranks are tallied separately for each immigration court. Should a judge serve on more than one court during this period, separate ranks would be assigned in any court that the judge rendered at least 100 asylum decisions in.

Why Do Denial Rates Vary Among Judges?

Denial rates reflect in part the differing composition of cases assigned to different immigration judges. For example, being represented in court and the nationality of the asylum seeker appear to often impact decision outcome. Decisions also appear to reflect in part the personal perspective that the judge brings to the bench.

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Figure 3: Asylum Seeker Had Representation

If an asylum seeker is not represented by an attorney, almost all (88%) of them are denied asylum. In contrast, a significantly higher proportion of represented asylum seekers are successful. In the case of Judge Baker, 15.6% were not represented by an attorney. See Figure 3. For the nation as a whole, about 19% of asylum seekers are not represented.


Asylum seekers are a diverse group. Over one hundred different nationalities had at least one hundred individuals claiming asylum decided during this period. As might be expected, immigration courts located in different parts of the country tend to have proportionately larger shares from some countries than from others. And, given the required legal grounds for a successful asylum claim, asylum seekers from some nations tend to be more successful than others.

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Figure 4: Asylum Decisions by Nationality

For Judge Baker, the largest group of asylum seekers appearing before him came from Guatemala. Individuals from this nation made up 40.7 % of his caseload. Other nationalities in descending order of frequency appearing before Judge Baker were: Honduras (18.1 %), Mexico (14.1%), El Salvador (13.7%), China (1.7%). See Figure 4.

In the nation as a whole during this same period, major nationalities of asylum seekers, in descending order of frequency, were El Salvador (18.1%), Guatemala (15.1%), Honduras (14.7%), Mexico (11.8%), China (10.2%), India (3.7%), Cuba (2.5%), Haiti (1.8%), Cameroon (1.5%), Venezuela (1.3%), Nepal (1.3%), Nicaragua (1.1%), Bangladesh (1.0%).

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