Judge Glen R. Baker
FY 2013 - 2018, Kansas City Immigration Court
Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. appointed Judge Baker in November 2014. Judge Baker received a bachelor of arts degree in 1982 from James Madison University and a juris doctorate in 1994 from Thomas M. Cooley Law School. From 1995 to 2014, he served as an attorney advisor for the Board of Immigration Appeals, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), U.S. Department of Justice. During this time, from 2010 to 2011, he served as an associate general counsel for EOIR. From 1994 to 1995, Judge Baker worked as a judicial law clerk for the Harlingen Immigration Court, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. From 1993 to 1994, he was the managing editor for the Thomas M. Cooley Law Review. Judge Baker is a member of the North Carolina State Bar.
Deciding Asylum Cases
Figure 1: Percent of Asylum Matters Denied
Detailed data on Judge Baker decisions were examined for the period covering
fiscal years 2013 through 2018. During this period, Judge
Baker is recorded as deciding 283 asylum claims on their merits. Of these,
he granted 63, gave no conditional grants, and denied 220.
Converted to percentage terms, Baker denied 77.7 percent and granted (including
conditional grants) 22.3 percent. Figure 1 provides a comparison of Judge Baker's
denial rate fiscal year-by-year over this recent period.
(Rates for years with less than 25 decisions are not shown.)
Compared to Judge Baker's denial rate of 77.7 percent, nationally
during this same period, immigration court judges denied 57.6 percent
of asylum claims. In the Kansas City Immigration Court where Judge Baker
was based, judges there denied asylum 75.6 percent of the time. See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Comparing Denial Rates (percents)
Judge Baker can also be ranked compared to each of the 347 individual immigration judges
serving during this period who rendered at least one hundred decisions in a city's immigration court. If judges were ranked
from 1 to 347 - where 1 represented the highest denial percent and 347
represented the lowest - Judge Baker here receives a rank of 147. That is 146
judges denied asylum at higher rates, and 200 denied asylum at the same
rate or less often. Ranks are tallied separately for each immigration court. Should a judge serve on more than one court
during this period, separate ranks would be assigned in any court that the judge rendered at least 100 asylum decisions in.
Why Do Denial Rates Vary Among Judges?
Denial rates reflect in part the differing composition of cases assigned to
different immigration judges. For example, being represented in court and the nationality
of the asylum seeker appear to often impact decision outcome. Decisions also appear to
reflect in part the personal perspective that the judge brings to the bench.
Figure 3: Asylum Seeker Had Representation
If an asylum seeker is not represented by an
attorney, almost all (91%) of them are denied asylum. In contrast, a
significantly higher proportion of represented asylum seekers are successful.
In the case of Judge Baker, 13.8% were not
represented by an attorney. See Figure 3. For the nation as a whole,
about 20% of asylum seekers are not represented.
Asylum seekers are a
diverse group. Over one hundred different nationalities had at least one hundred
individuals claiming asylum decided during this period. As might be expected,
immigration courts located in different parts of the country tend to have
proportionately larger shares from some countries than from others. And, given
the required legal grounds for a successful asylum claim, asylum seekers
from some nations tend to be more successful than others.
Figure 4: Asylum Decisions by Nationality
For Judge Baker, the largest group of asylum seekers appearing before him came
from Guatemala. Individuals from this nation made up 35.3 % of his caseload.
Other nationalities in descending order of frequency appearing before Judge Baker were:
Honduras (19.8 %), El Salvador (18%), Mexico (15.2%), Ethiopia (1.8%).
See Figure 4.
In the nation as a whole during this same period, major nationalities of asylum
seekers, in descending order of frequency, were China (18.5%), El Salvador (14.7%), Mexico (12.0%), Honduras (10.9%), Guatemala (10.3%), India (3.2%), Haiti (2.1%), Nepal (1.8%), Eritrea (1.3%), Ethiopia (1.3%), Somalia (1.2%), Cameroon (1.0%), Bangladesh (1.0%).