Judge Matthew J. D'Angelo
FY 2013 - 2018, Boston Immigration Court
Judge D'Angelo was appointed as an Immigration Judge in April 2003. Prior to his appointment
as an Immigration Judge in Boston, he served as an Immigration Judge in Hartford, Connecticut
from April 2003 to March 2006. Judge D'Angelo received an undergraduate degree in 1984
from Stonehill College, and a Juris Doctorate in 1988 from New England School of Law in
Boston. From 1988 until his appointment in April 2003, Judge D'Angelo served as an assistant
district counsel in charge of the detention division at the Department of Homeland Security
(formerly the Immigration and Naturalization Service) in Boston. During this time, from 2000
until April 2003, he also served as a special assistant U.S. attorney in the criminal division in the
Boston U.S. Attorney's Office. Judge D'Angelo is a member of the Massachusetts Bar.
Deciding Asylum Cases
Figure 1: Percent of Asylum Matters Denied
Detailed data on Judge D'Angelo decisions were examined for the period covering
fiscal years 2013 through 2018. During this period, Judge
D'Angelo is recorded as deciding 542 asylum claims on their merits. Of these,
he granted 315, gave no conditional grants, and denied 227.
Converted to percentage terms, D'Angelo denied 41.9 percent and granted (including
conditional grants) 58.1 percent. Figure 1 provides a comparison of Judge D'Angelo's
denial rate fiscal year-by-year over this recent period.
Compared to Judge D'Angelo's denial rate of 41.9 percent, nationally
during this same period, immigration court judges denied 57.6 percent
of asylum claims. In the Boston Immigration Court where Judge D'Angelo
was based, judges there denied asylum 38.5 percent of the time. See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Comparing Denial Rates (percents)
Judge D'Angelo can also be ranked compared to each of the 347 individual immigration judges
serving during this period who rendered at least one hundred decisions in a city's immigration court. If judges were ranked
from 1 to 347 - where 1 represented the highest denial percent and 347
represented the lowest - Judge D'Angelo here receives a rank of 257. That is 256
judges denied asylum at higher rates, and 90 denied asylum at the same
rate or less often. Ranks are tallied separately for each immigration court. Should a judge serve on more than one court
during this period, separate ranks would be assigned in any court that the judge rendered at least 100 asylum decisions in.
Why Do Denial Rates Vary Among Judges?
Denial rates reflect in part the differing composition of cases assigned to
different immigration judges. For example, being represented in court and the nationality
of the asylum seeker appear to often impact decision outcome. Decisions also appear to
reflect in part the personal perspective that the judge brings to the bench.
Figure 3: Asylum Seeker Had Representation
If an asylum seeker is not represented by an
attorney, almost all (91%) of them are denied asylum. In contrast, a
significantly higher proportion of represented asylum seekers are successful.
In the case of Judge D'Angelo, 14% were not
represented by an attorney. See Figure 3. For the nation as a whole,
about 20% of asylum seekers are not represented.
Asylum seekers are a
diverse group. Over one hundred different nationalities had at least one hundred
individuals claiming asylum decided during this period. As might be expected,
immigration courts located in different parts of the country tend to have
proportionately larger shares from some countries than from others. And, given
the required legal grounds for a successful asylum claim, asylum seekers
from some nations tend to be more successful than others.
Figure 4: Asylum Decisions by Nationality
For Judge D'Angelo, the largest group of asylum seekers appearing before him came
from El Salvador. Individuals from this nation made up 18.8 % of his caseload.
Other nationalities in descending order of frequency appearing before Judge D'Angelo were:
Guatemala (15.5 %), Honduras (7%), China (6.8%), Brazil (4.8%).
See Figure 4.
In the nation as a whole during this same period, major nationalities of asylum
seekers, in descending order of frequency, were China (18.5%), El Salvador (14.7%), Mexico (12.0%), Honduras (10.9%), Guatemala (10.3%), India (3.2%), Haiti (2.1%), Nepal (1.8%), Eritrea (1.3%), Ethiopia (1.3%), Somalia (1.2%), Cameroon (1.0%), Bangladesh (1.0%).