ICE's Detained Population Crosses 30,000, Four Facilities Average Over 1,000 Detained Persons Per Day this Fiscal Year
(12 Jul 2023) According to the latest data released by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), just over 30,000 immigrants are being held in immigrant detention facilities across the country. Most of these individuals—20,321 or 68 percent—were arrested by Customs and Border Protection (CBP), while another 9,682 (or 32 percent) were arrested by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). This is up slightly from 29,613 since the previous release of updated data.

So far this fiscal year (since the start of October 2022), four detention facilities across the country have averaged over 1,000 immigrants in detention per day. These include the South Texas ICE Processing Facility which has held, on average, 1,278 people per day; the South Texas Family Residential Facility (just a few miles south of the previously mentioned facility) which has held 1,183 people per day; Stewart Detention Facility in rural Georgia, which has held 1,163 people per day; and Winn Correctional Facility in Louisiana, which has held 1,108 people per day.

ICE’s average daily population counts are based on what the agency calls their “MANDAY” counts, which count all individuals in an ICE ERO (Enforcement and Removal Operations) facility at midnight on a given day then average these counts out over the number of calendar days in the fiscal year so far.

ICE does not retain previous detention data releases online for the public, but TRAC’s archive of past data releases allows users to view details about the average daily population of detention facilities over time in a searchable table online here.

Highlights from data updated in TRAC's Detention Quick Facts tool show that:

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement held 30,003 in ICE detention according to data current as of July 2, 2023.

  • 18,949 out of 30,003—or 63.2%—held in ICE detention have no criminal record, according to data current as of July 2, 2023. Many more have only minor offenses, including traffic violations.

  • ICE relied on detention facilities in Texas to house the most people during FY 2023, according to data current as of June 26, 2023.

  • ICE arrested 7,714 and CBP arrested 16,216 of the 23,930 people booked into detention by ICE during June 2023.

  • South Texas ICE Processing Center in Pearsall, Texas held the largest number of ICE detainees so far in FY 2023, averaging 1,278 per day (as of June 2023).

  • ICE Alternatives to Detention (ATD) programs are currently monitoring 209,615 families and single individuals, according to data current as of July 1, 2023.

  • Harlingen's area office has highest number in ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) monitoring programs, according to data current as of July 1, 2023.

For more information, see TRAC's Quick Facts tools here or click here to learn more about TRAC's entire suite of immigration tools.

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