New ICE Data Show Both Immigrants Detained and Monitored on ATD Increase in May
(24 May 2022) According to the most current data, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) held 22,281 immigrants in detention on May 7, 2022, the highest number in detention since the beginning of 2022 (although still smaller than the summer of 2021 when the number exceeded 27,000).

The number of immigrants monitored on ICE's electronic monitoring program known as ISAP or Alternatives to Detention continued its march upward to about 240,000. The vast majority of these, nearly 187,000, were monitored using a smartphone app called SmartLINK, while GPS ankle monitor use actually declined to less than 23,000, the smallest since 2020 when TRAC began tracking these data.

Importantly, these data show that the number of immigrants in detention and the number of immigrants monitored on ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) program can increase at the same time. Although ICE calls its program "Alternatives" to Detention, the agency makes clear on its website that its ATD program is "not a substitute for detention, but allows ICE to exercise increased supervision over a portion of those who are not detained." Thus, growth in ATD supervision does not necessarily correspond to a decline in immigrant detention.

The Transactional Research Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) a research organization at Syracuse University created 'Quick Facts' tools to provide a user-friendly way to see the most updated data available on immigrant detention and the immigration courts. The tools include easy-to-understand data in context and provide quotable descriptions.

Highlights from data updated today on the immigration detention system provided by show that:

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement held 22,281 in ICE detention according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

  • 16,034 out of 22,281—or 72.0%—held in ICE detention have no criminal record, according to data current as of May 7, 2022. Many more have only minor offenses, including traffic violations.

  • ICE relied on detention facilities in Texas to house the most people during FY 2022, according to data current as of May 5, 2022.

  • ICE arrested 5,083 and CBP arrested 20,317 of the 25,400 people booked into detention by ICE during April 2022.

  • Stewart Detention Center in Lumpkin, Georgia held the largest number of ICE detainees so far in FY 2022, averaging 1,080 per day (as of May 2022).

  • ICE Alternatives to Detention (ATD) programs are currently monitoring 239,957 families and single individuals, according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

  • Harlingen's area office has highest number in ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) monitoring programs, according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

For more information, see TRAC's Quick Facts tools here or click here to learn more about TRAC's entire suite of immigration tools.

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