Immigrant Detention Numbers After the End of Title 42
(28 Jun 2023) The latest data released by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) show that ICE’s detention numbers increased from 21,000 in early May to 27,000 in mid-May but have climbed relatively little since then. So far during June they remained consistently under 30,000 despite the termination of Title 42 after May 11, a policy that had turned nearly all migrants away at the border. Questions had been raised whether the federal government would substantially increase its use of detention for migrants entering the country, including those who would be seeking asylum, once Title 42 ended.

As of June 18, ICE held 29,613 migrants in detention. This is still way below the number held in detention at the height of the Trump administration. Additionally, the rapid growth of migrants ICE reported electronically monitoring also declined considerably from a height of about 375,000 in December 2022 to 215,967 as of June 17.

Highlights from data updated in TRAC's Detention Quick Facts tool show that:

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement held 29,613 in ICE detention according to data current as of June 18, 2023.

  • 18,686 out of 29,613—or 63.1%—held in ICE detention have no criminal record, according to data current as of June 18, 2023. Many more have only minor offenses, including traffic violations.

  • ICE relied on detention facilities in Texas to house the most people during FY 2023, according to data current as of June 12, 2023.

  • ICE arrested 7,842 and CBP arrested 22,672 of the 30,514 people booked into detention by ICE during May 2023.

  • South Texas ICE Processing Center in Pearsall, Texas held the largest number of ICE detainees so far in FY 2023, averaging 1,291 per day (as of June 2023).

  • ICE Alternatives to Detention (ATD) programs are currently monitoring 215,967 families and single individuals, according to data current as of June 17, 2023.

  • Harlingen's area office has highest number in ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) monitoring programs, according to data current as of June 17, 2023.

For more information, see TRAC's Quick Facts tools here or click here to learn more about TRAC's entire suite of immigration tools.

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