Beyond Asylum: Deportation Relief During the Trump Administration
(29 Oct 2020) The latest case-by-case court records show that Immigration Judges completed 1,075,578 deportation cases thus far during the Trump Administration. Of these, 395,244 immigrants (37%) submitted applications for what is commonly known as "relief from deportation"—or simply "relief"—to the Immigration Court. If approved, an application for relief generally allows an immigrant to remain in the country and may provide a path to temporary or permanent status in the United States.

Asylum is one of the most common and well-known forms of relief. Of the nearly 400,000 deportation cases where relief was requested, 298,176 cases—or 28 percent of all cases—involved only asylum-related forms of relief.

In addition to asylum, Congress has also provided for many less well-known and less common forms of relief. An additional 30,888 cases included applications for asylum-related relief as well as applications for other types of relief. Immigration Judges also completed 66,180 cases that involved only non-asylum forms of relief. Altogether nearly one in ten immigrants facing deportation applied for relief other than asylum.

Because immigrants are able to apply for more than one type of relief at the same time, the number of relief applications filed was over two times the number of persons seeking relief. Altogether 395,244 immigrants facing deportation during this period filed a total of 941,031 relief applications.

In this report, TRAC examines lesser known—but nonetheless important—forms of relief in the Immigration Court. These data were obtained and analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University and cover the period of the Trump Administration from January 20, 2017 through September 30, 2020.

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