Contrasting Experiences: MPP vs. Non-MPP Immigration Court Cases
(19 Dec 2019) According to Immigration Court records through the end of November 2019, over 56,000 immigrants have been sent back to Mexico to await their immigration hearings under the Migration Protection Protocols (MPP), also known as "Remain in Mexico."

Court data show that a slightly larger proportion of those assigned to MPP are still waiting for their first hearing, compared to those who were allowed to remain in the U.S. This was true particularly as MPP numbers climbed, because the special courts that have been set up to hear MPP cases apparently struggled to keep up.

Immigrants who were allowed to wait in the U.S. were over seven times more likely to find an attorney to represent them than those diverted to the MPP program. So far only 4 percent of immigrants in MPP cases have been able to find representation. In contrast, nearly a third (32%) of those who were allowed to remain in the U.S. have obtained counsel over the same time period.

Nine out of ten immigrants who are allowed to remain in the United States attended every court hearing thus far. The situation is starkly different for immigrants required to stay in Mexico: a startling 50 percent have failed to show up for a hearing given the many challenges asylum seekers face in the border communities where they have been required to remain. These include kidnapping, rape, and other forms of violence. Then too, there is no reliable mechanism for the Immigration Courts to notify immigrants about the date, time, and location of their hearing. And many immigrants without resources to sustain themselves during their wait or who become victims of criminal activity decide to give up their asylum application and either return to the home they fled or try to relocate elsewhere.

To read the full report go to:

To examine these results in greater detail by nationality and court location, TRAC's free MPP app is now updated with data through the end of November 2019 at:

Additional free web query tools which track Immigration Court proceedings have also been updated through November 2019. For an index to the full list of TRAC's immigration tools and their latest update go to:

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