ICE Criminal Prosecutions Down 41 Percent
(23 Jan 2017) Criminal prosecutions as a result of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) investigations have steadily fallen over the last five years. During FY 2016 there were a total of 12,761 such prosecutions filed, down 41.1 percent since FY 2011 when 21,662 ICE prosecutions were recorded.

Immigration matters accounted for 53.2 percent of FY 2016 ICE prosecutions. These were largely for illegal re-entry (8 USC 1326), and for illegally smuggling people into this country or for illegally harboring them (8 USC 1324). Drug prosecutions accounted for an additional 30.6 percent of all prosecutions last year. Only one case during all of FY 2016 was classified as related to international terrorism. Here the lead charge involved smuggling goods from the United States.

The Southern District of Texas (Houston) had the highest number of prosecutions. Relative to population size, beyond districts along the southwest border with Mexico, the following districts had unusually large numbers of ICE prosecutions: Utah, the Southern District of Florida (Miami), and the Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids).

These figures do not include the much larger number of criminal prosecutions from referrals made by two other immigration components of Homeland Security, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). All results are based upon case-by-case government information updated through December 2016 analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University.

For additional details on the nature of crimes involved, as well as numbers and rankings for each of the 90 federal judicial districts, go to:

In addition to these most recent overall figures, TRAC continues to offer free monthly reports on selected government agencies such as the FBI, ATF, DHS and the IRS. TRAC's reports also monitor program categories such as immigration, drugs, weapons, white collar crime and terrorism. For the latest information on prosecutions and convictions through September 2016, go to:

Even more detailed criminal enforcement information for the period from FY 1986 through December 2016 is available to TRACFed subscribers via the Express and Going Deeper tools. Go to for more information. Customized reports for a specific agency, district, program, lead charge or judge are available via the TRAC Data Interpreter, either as part of a TRACFed subscription or on a per-report basis. Go to to start.

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