Record Number of Federal Criminal Health Care Fraud Prosecutions Filed in FY 2011
(14 Dec 2011) The latest available data from the Justice Department show that federal health care fraud prosecutions reached an historic high last year. During the twelve months of fiscal year 2011, the government reported 1,235 new health care fraud prosecutions -- the largest number reported since separate tracking of this offense began twenty years ago. This number is up 68.9% over the past fiscal year when the number of criminal prosecutions totaled 731.

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Numbers were pushed higher in part by the volume of activity in Puerto Rico, where assistant U.S. attorneys charged 548 defendants with health care fraud in FY 2011. Even if the unusually active record of prosecutors in Puerto Rico was set aside, health care fraud prosecutions nationally would still have reached their highest level in over a decade. The Southern District of Florida (Miami) led the nation in activity, accounting for nearly one out of every nine health care fraud prosecutions, followed by the Southern District of Texas (Houston). Together, these two districts accounted for over one out of every five health care fraud prosecutions.

Not all referrals resulted in criminal prosecution. In FY 2011, health care fraud cases involving 784 defendants that were referred to U.S. Attorneys by investigative agencies were ultimately closed without criminal charges being filed. Relative to its population size, the District of Columbia U.S. Attorney's office led the nation on such "turndowns." Of 27 potential defendants referred by investigative agencies, D.C. federal prosecutors turned down 25.

TRAC continues to offer free reports on the enforcement activities of selected government agencies such as DHS, the FBI and the IRS. In addition, TRAC's reports cover program categories such as immigration, drugs, weapons, white collar crime, terrorism and civil rights. For the latest information on prosecutions and convictions through the end of fiscal year 2011, go to:
Even more detailed criminal enforcement information for the period from FY 1986 through FY 2011 is available to TRACFED subscribers via the Express and Going Deeper tools. Go to for more information. Customized reports for a specific agency, district, program, lead charge or judge are available via the TRAC Data Interpreter, either as part of a TRACFED subscription or on a per-report basis. Go to to start.

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