Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court)
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court)
Table 1. Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during February 2019 the government reported 52 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Internal Revenue Service.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 20.9 percent over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys (see Table 1).
When monthly 2019 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-26%).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 50.3 percent from levels reported in 2014.
Figure 1. Monthly Trends in Convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in February 2019 was for "Fraud-Tax", accounting for 65.4 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Fraud-Other" (9.6%), "Money Laundering-Drug" (7.7%), "Money Laundering-Other" (3.8%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2. Specific Types of Convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In February 2019, no defendants in cases for these matters were convicted in U.S. Magistrate Courts.
These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In February 2019, 52 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during February there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during February.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during February 2019 referred by the Internal Revenue Service.
The Southern District of Florida (Miami) — with 4 convictions — was the most active during February 2019.
The Middle District of Florida (Tampa), Western District of New York (Buffalo) and District of Utah ranked 2nd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during February 2019 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 21 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions , while the remaining 17 judges were from other districts. (Because of ties, there were a total of 38 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Roy Bale Dalton, Jr. in the Middle District of Florida (Tampa) ranked 1st with 3 convicted in convictions.
Judges Robert Nichols Scola, Jr. in the Southern District of Florida (Miami), Ivan L. R. Lemelle in the Eastern District of Louisiana (New Orleans), Mark Allan Goldsmith in the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit), Elizabeth Ann Wolford in the Western District of New York (Buffalo), Robert Clive Jones in the District of Nevada, David C. Godbey in the Northern District of Texas (Fort Worth), Dee Vance Benson in the District of Utah and James Donald Peterson in the Western District of Wisconsin (Madiso ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in convictions.