National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions for August 2023
Number Latest Month
Percent Change from previous month
Percent Change from 1 year ago
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court)
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court)
Table 1. Criminal National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during August 2023 the government reported 34 new national internal security/terrorism convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 70 percent over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for national internal security/terrorism-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys (see Table 1).
When monthly 2023 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (88.2%).
Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 241.3 percent from levels reported in 2018.
Figure 1. Monthly Trends in National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The increase from the levels five years ago in national internal security/terrorism convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of national internal security/terrorism, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within national internal security/terrorism are
Matters Relating to National Internal Security
International Terrorism Incidents Which Impact on U.S.
Terrorism Related Hoaxes
Export Enforcement Terrorism Related
National Security/Critical Infrastructure Protection
The largest number of convictions of these matters in August 2023 was for "Terrorism-Domestic", accounting for 67.6 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Internal Security Offenses" (17.6%), "Terrorism-Related Hoaxes" (8.8%), "Terrorism-Critical Infrastructure Protec" (2.9%), "Terrorism-Providing Material Support to" (2.9%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for national internal security/terrorism convictions in August 2023
was FBI accounting for 94 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of national internal security/terrorism convictions were:
Defense (3% ), Interior (3%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2. Specific Types of Convictions
Figure 3. Convictions by Investigative Agency
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In August 2023, no defendants in national internal security/terrorism cases for these matters were convicted in U.S. Magistrate Courts.
These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In August 2023, 34 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during August there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during August.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of national internal security/terrorism matters
filed in U.S. District Court during August 2023.
18 USC 1752 - Temporary residence and office of President, etc.
The District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) — with 16 convictions — was the most active during August 2023.
The Southern District of Ohio (Cincinnati) ranked 2nd.
Western District of Arkansas (Fort Smith), Middle District of Florida (Tampa), Middle District of Georgia (Macon), Central District of Illinois (Springfield), Western District of Louisiana (Shreveport), Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit), Eastern District of North Carolina (Raleigh), Northern District of New York (Syracuse), District of Oregon, Middle District of Tennessee (Nashville), Eastern District of Texas (Tyler), Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria) and Eastern District of Washin are now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new national internal security/terrorism crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during August 2023 are shown in Table 4.
All 24 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of national internal security/terrorism convictions. (Because of ties, there were a total of 24 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Trevor Neil McFadden in the District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) ranked 1st with 5 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Judge James L. Graham in the Southern District of Ohio (Cincinnati) ranked 2nd with 3 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Judge Christopher Reid Cooper in the District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) ranked 3rd with 2 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.