Putting TRAC to Work
  Government
New York City Controller
March 18, 2024

Economic Benefits of Immigration Legal Services
By Brad Lander


Data on New York and the nationís immigration court backlog, as well as the outcomes of individuals in deportation proceedings, were derived from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), a project of Syracuse University. The backlog reported herein is the current number of pending cases of all charge types in New York State-based immigration courts as of January 2024. Within these filter parameters, the data were cross tabulated for all age groups by whether their associated case was represented by an attorney or unrepresented. The Comptrollerís Office also derived data on outcomes from TRACís databases, filtering again for New York State immigration court cases from Fiscal Year 2019 to present, differentiated by age and legal representation status. A ďfavorableĒ outcome is defined as any outcome that allows an immigrant to remain in the United States; removals and voluntary departures are considered unfavorable, while case terminations, granting relief, or other administrative closures by an immigration judge are all favorable outcomes. The observed impacts of the influence of legal representation on immigration cases are strongly positively correlated, but few blinded scientific studies exist, and many factors may contribute to the observed increase in favorable outcomes for represented clients.


Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University
Copyright 2024
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