Putting TRAC to Work
  Legal and Scholarly
Columbia Journal of Race and Law

Banished and Overciminalized: Critical Race Perspectives of Illegal Entry and Drug Courier Prosecutions
By Walter I. Gonçalves, Jr.,Assistant Federal Public Defender, District of Arizona

The United States did not make prosecuting immigrants a priority. Presidents generally decided it was not worth it to spend time, money, and resources prosecuting migrants. The low number of immigration prosecutions at this time was because of time, money, and resources. Presidential administrations sought instead to deport millions of Mexicans without going through the criminal process. Things changed during the George W. Bush administration. In 2005, the Bush Administration and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) created OSL. The program was principally responsible for a 500% increase in illegal entry prosecutions: from 15,392 cases in Fiscal Year 1997 to 90,067 in 2013. Between 1997 and 2013, federal courts handled more than a million such cases..... {Citing TRAC data and research].

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