Putting TRAC to Work
  Legal and Scholarly
The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity, Springer Nature
March 21, 2019

Ethnic Minorities and Criminalization ofImmigration Policies in the United States
By Felicia Arriaga

After 9/11, the majority of individuals removed are of Mexican origin. In FY2016 and FY2017, this was still the case where 146,821 Mexican nationals were removed and 128,765 were removed, respectively (ICE FY2017 Report). Furthermore, 61% of the total people removed were Mexican nationals in FY2016 and 57% of the total removed in FY2017. The remaining top five countries of removals by country of citizenship were Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Haiti. Although the number of removals declined for most of those countries, those removed from Haiti increased from 310 in FY2016 to 5578 in FY2017 ICE FY2017 Report). Although these numbers come directly from ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations, the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University also requests case-by-case deportation records from ICE but frequently runs into challenges obtaining sufficient amounts of data (TRAC2014). In 2012 and 2013, they found that Mexican nationals were the largest group of those deported, that the typical median age for these individuals was 30, and that 9/10 were identified as male........[Citing TRAC research].

Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University
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