Putting TRAC to Work
  Legal and Scholarly
American Behaviorial Scientist
March 27, 2019

A Look to the Interior: Trends in U.S. Immigration Removals by Criminal Conviction Type, Gender, and Region of Origin, Fiscal Years 2003-2015
By Margot Moinester


The administrative records of ICE removals, obtained through an FOIA request initiated by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, overcome the above data limitations. These data capture the 3,925,758 removals conducted by ICE between fiscal years 2003 and 2015 and, for each removal, include information on the gender, nationality, and age of the removed individual; the date the individual most recently entered the United States; the individualís legal status at time of entry; the agency involved in the apprehension; and whether the individual has a criminal conviction and, if so, the individualís most serious criminal conviction. The data also include information on the immigration-related charge leading to removal, an indicator for whether the individual was previously deported, an indicator for whether a detainer was issued, the type of removal (i.e., expedited removal, regular removal, voluntary departure, voluntary return, or reinstatement of prior removal order), the state and port from which the individual was removed, and the date of removal. Because these data are organized at the removal rather than the individual level, it is not possible to track whether the same individual is removed more than once during this period.


Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University
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