Putting TRAC to Work
  Legal and Scholarly
University of California, Davis
August 31, 2017

The fiscal and human costs of immigrant detention and deportation in the United States
By Caitlin Patler and Tanya Maria Golash-Boza

A recent study of more than 1.2 million deportation cases decided between 2007 and 2012 found that only 37% of all noncitizens (and only 14% of detained noncitizens) had an attorney (Eagly & Shafer, 2015). Individuals with attorneys had far better case outcomes: “the odds were fifteen times greater that immigrants with representation, as compared to those without, sought relief, and five‐and‐a‐half times greater that they obtained relief from removal” (Eagly & Shafer, 2015: 2). Concerns have also been raised about the indefinite and long‐term detention of certain groups of noncitizens. As a reminder, detained individuals are not serving a sentence, but rather being held administratively while their deportation cases unfold. Because detention is legally considered nonpunitive, there are no constitutional limits on thelength of time an individual can be detained;2 as a result, individuals can be held mandatorily for the entirety of their removal proceedings. In 2013, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detained approximately 10,000 individuals for 6 months or longer....[citing TRAC data and reports].

Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University
Copyright 2017
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