Overview. Details on the subset of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) removals which used the interconnection between FBI and DHS databases to identify noncitizens ICE sought to deport through matching fingerprint records submitted to the FBI by law enforcement and other sources with DHS records on noncitizens. While this program is commonly referred to as Secure Communities, the records also cover the Priority Enforcement Program (PEP) used during the November 2014 - January 2017 period since identical fingerprint matching procedures continued unchanged under both programs.
These data have been compiled from case-by-case records obtained from Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). These records include the state and county where the fingerprint record was originally submitted. This allows the resulting removal to be linked back to the specific geographic location where the noncitizen was apprehended. These records were obtained after successful court litigation by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University.
The automatic sharing of FBI fingerprint records with ICE began late in 2008 and took some time before it was extended to include all counties in the United States. This program has never accounted for a majority of ICE removals. You should use an entirely separate web query tool for access to information on all ICE removals.
Note that ICE now withholds many important information fields it provided TRAC in the past. (TRAC has taken ICE to court  to challenge this withholding which we believe is unlawful.)
The Secure Communities data tool contains individual records on each recorded ICE deportation under this program. These include expedited removals, regular removals, reinstatement of previous removal orders after the individual has re-entered the U.S., voluntary departures and returns. According to ICE records, the Secure Communities deportations contain a small number of deportations resulting from apprehensions at ports of entry and by the Border Patrol where fingerprint matching was used and custody of the individual was transferred to ICE. This occurs when the process of deportation is not fairly immediate, since CBP only has temporary holding facilities and the individual must be transferred to ICE to house in longer term detention facilities that only ICE manages.
For each individual ICE deports, information on the city and state the fingerprint record was originally submitted from, the nature of the immigration violation giving rise to their deportation, the type of agency and program that led to their apprehension (including whether use of a detainer was involved and whether the arrest occurred at the border or in the interior of the country), the year the individual had last entered the United States and their entry status at that time. In addition to demographic information, detailed criminal histories for each individual are available. Findings reported are based on TRAC's detailed analysis of these case-by-case ICE records.
Coverage. The ICE data cover each recorded ICE deportation from the start of the Secure Communities program in 2008 through the most recent month available. Updated data are requested each month from ICE through a new FOIA request submitted by TRAC. Data in the tool are then updated after ICE releases the information in response to these requests and updated data analyses are completed by TRAC. The most recently available coverage date is recorded at the top of the data tool.
Using the Data Tool: Dimensions and Definitions
Filtering the data using the three data tables. Select a different factor or dimension to display in each of the three tables. The tables are inter-connected so that the data filter from left to right. After selecting a factor to display in the left most table, select a particular row category to drill in on by clicking on that row's label in the left-most table. The middle table will then display the details for that particular selection from the left table on the dimension you had chosen to display for the middle table. In other words, if you click on a category in the left table it displays only cases within that class in the middle table. Click on a category in the middle table to display only cases within that selection in the right table. To help you keep track, your selection is displayed at the top of the table to the right.
Sorting the tabular data displayed. By clicking on the column headings in a table, you can sort the tabular data displayed. Clicking on the table column heading for the name of the dimension, sorts each tabular row in alphabetical order. Clicking a second time, sorts in reverse alphabetical order. Clicking on the column heading "Total" reverses the default sort order of largest to smallest to display from the smallest to the largest value.
Selecting what is displayed in the time series graph. The data in the graph updates to reflect the category in the table you selected when clicking on its row label. The title shown above the graph indicates the selection criteria you have chosen. Mouse-over any bar in the graph to view the value being plotted.
There are also two additional controls you can use to change what the graph displays.
Data dimensions. To change the set of categories displayed in a table, select a different factor or dimension from the pull-down menu above each table. The following factors can be selected:
For a listing of TRAC reports on other immigration enforcement topics, go here.
Additional TRAC Immigration Enforcement Data and Tools
To access additional data using other TRAC immigration enforcement tools, go to this directory of data tools.
 See Long and Burnham v. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Civil Action 1:17-cv-01097 (USDC, DC) filed June 8, 2017.
 This is based on the actual deportation date ICE recorded unlike ICE annual statistics where there can be a lag in reporting. Further current ICE records don't always replicate counts published in ICE's historical statements.
 TRAC has found that ICE data is not entirely reliable in distinguishing among these different types of deportation, as different fields in the data TRAC received are sometimes in conflict as to the actual deportation category cases fell into.
 ICE contends they cannot identify which result from the order by a judge, and which are purely administrative. TRAC does not believe this is true since ICE attorneys are responsible for representing the government in each Immigration Court case and database records are kept on these cases that are linked in with its other enforcement records. TRAC has current FOIA litigation against ICE seeking broader information.