Overview. The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) were formally announced by this administration on January 24, 2019. These protocols requires that certain citizens from other countries entering illegally or seeking admission without proper documentation to the U.S. from Mexico are "returned to Mexico and wait outside of the U.S. for the duration of their immigration proceedings." They are only allowed to temporarily enter the U.S. to attend their court hearings.
This MPP tool tracks proceedings in each Immigration Court case assigned to the MPP program under this "Remain in Mexico" policy. These MPP cases are a subset of those covered by the "Details" web query tool also available on TRAC's website. Even if an immigrant who is assigned to the MPP program succeeds in getting transferred out of the program, the case will continue to be tracked in this tool. This tool does not cover credible fear review proceedings, but focuses on what is commonly referred to as removal proceedings.
Coverage. The Immigration Court is part of the U.S. Justice Department and is part of the executive rather than the judicial branch of the federal government. As an administrative body, judges in the Immigration Court do not handle criminal cases. While the government is represented by a taxpayer-paid government attorney, because these are not considered criminal matters, individuals do not have any clear right to a court-appointed attorney if they cannot afford to pay for one themselves. This is true even though a basis for DHS seeking a deportation order may be because the individual had previously been convicted of particular types of crimes in a criminal court.
Data Source. The data accessible through the data tool are based upon analyses by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of court records obtained from the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) using the Freedom of Information Act. EOIR is the administrative body that supervises the operation of the Immigration Court system. The names of the individuals, as well as any other personal identifiers, are removed from the records before the information is released to TRAC.
The data are organized by the date on the DHS-issued "Notice to Appear " (NTA) - the charging document issued by DHS to persons who face removal. Often there is a delay between when the NTA is issued, and when DHS actually files the NTA in Immigration Court. TRAC has relied upon court records for this app because DHS has refused to provide case-by-case details on each NTA it has issued.
Once a judge issues a decision it is the responsibility of DHS to carry out that order or other decision. These subsequent events are not covered in this tool since the data is limited to hearings and immigration judge decisions in each case.
Because the information in this app is based upon court records, statistics on recent monthly filings can lag behind the actual number of NTAs that have been issued if there is a delay between when DHS issued an NTA and it filed the charging document in court.
Using the Data Tool: Controlling Table and Graph Displays
Filtering the data using the three data columns. The data filter from left to right, so that as you select a dimension in the left table, it will then show you the sub-categories of data within that particular selection in the tables to the right. In other words, click on a category in the left table to display only cases within that class in the middle table and in the time series graph. Click on a category in the middle table to display only cases within that class in the right table and in the time series graph.
Number/percent toggle. By default, the number of cases is displayed in the graph. To instead display the value as a percent of the total for your current selection, choose the "Percent" option to the right of the graph. (Note: 100 percent will be displayed if the total ("All") was the category you have currently selected.)
Choosing the time scale for the graph. You can select whether you want the bars in the time series graph to represent the month or the year that the case was initiated using the radial buttons to the left of the graph.
Displaying values for a particular bar in a graph. Mousing over an individual bar in the time series graph produces a pop-up window where the particular statistical value is displayed.
Selecting the initial court filing versus the latest proceeding in a case. The default selection shows the current status of each proceeding. If you want to examine what happened in the initial filing, select "Initial Filing" using the radial button to the left of the graph. (For additional information see "Further Notes" below.)
Using the Data Tool: Controlling Which Factor Is DisplayedData dimensions. To change the set of categories displayed in a table, select a different factor from the pull-down menu above that table. The following factors can be selected:
Further Notes: Initial Filing versus Current Status. Immigration court cases are frequently transferred between court locations. Select the measure "Initial Filing" to see the court location where the case was originally filed and what happened in the proceeding taking place at that location. If the case was transferred to a different court location, the outcome shown will be "Case Transferred." Whether the individual was represented, his or her custody status, and the outcome are always specific to the proceeding in that initial location.
To find out the court's decision to date for all cases or on whether the case is still pending, select "Current Status." When a case has transferred one or more times between court locations, this selection will give you the proceeding at the last location. For cases that have been closed, it will give you the Immigration Judge's decision or administrative ruling closing the case. As before, whether the person was represented, his or her custody status, and the outcome are specific to this last proceeding. (If the case was never transferred, the last location is the same as the initial location.)
Additional TRAC Immigration Enforcement Data and Tools
To access additional data using other TRAC immigration enforcement tools, go to
this directory of data tools.