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CITE

    18 USC Sec. 1905                                            01/05/2009

EXPCITE

    TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART I - CRIMES
    CHAPTER 93 - PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

HEAD

    Sec. 1905. Disclosure of confidential information generally

STATUTE

      Whoever, being an officer or employee of the United States or of
    any department or agency thereof, any person acting on behalf of
    the Federal Housing Finance Agency, or agent of the Department of
    Justice as defined in the Antitrust Civil Process Act (15 U.S.C.
    1311-1314), or being an employee of a private sector organization
    who is or was assigned to an agency under chapter 37 of title 5,
    publishes, divulges, discloses, or makes known in any manner or to
    any extent not authorized by law any information coming to him in
    the course of his employment or official duties or by reason of any
    examination or investigation made by, or return, report or record
    made to or filed with, such department or agency or officer or
    employee thereof, which information concerns or relates to the
    trade secrets, processes, operations, style of work, or apparatus,
    or to the identity, confidential statistical data, amount or source
    of any income, profits, losses, or expenditures of any person,
    firm, partnership, corporation, or association; or permits any
    income return or copy thereof or any book containing any abstract
    or particulars thereof to be seen or examined by any person except
    as provided by law; shall be fined under this title, or imprisoned
    not more than one year, or both; and shall be removed from office
    or employment.

SOURCE

    (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 791; Pub. L. 96-349, Sec. 7(b),
    Sept. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 1158; Pub. L. 102-550, title XIII, Sec.
    1353, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3970; Pub. L. 104-294, title VI,
    Sec. 601(a)(8), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3498; Pub. L. 107-347,
    title II, Sec. 209(d)(2), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2930; Pub. L.
    110-289, div. A, title I, Sec. 1161(d), July 30, 2008, 122 Stat.
    2780.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

      Based on section 176b of title 15, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Commerce and
    Trade; section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.; section 1335 of
    title 19, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Customs Duties (R.S. Sec. 3167; Aug.
    27, 1894, ch. 349, Sec. 24, 28 Stat. 557; Feb. 26, 1926, ch. 27,
    Sec. 1115, 44 Stat. 117; June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title III, Sec.
    335, 46 Stat. 701; Jan. 27, 1938, ch. 11, Sec. 2, 52 Stat. 8).
      Section consolidates section 176b of title 15, U.S.C., 1940 ed.,
    Commerce and Trade; section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., and
    section 1335 of title 19, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Customs Duties.
      Words "or of any department or agency thereof" and words "such
    department or agency" were inserted so as to eliminate any possible
    ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definition of "department"
    and "agency" in section 6 of this title.)
      References to the offenses as misdemeanors, contained in all of
    said sections, were omitted in view of definitive section 1 of this
    title.
      The provisions of section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.,
    relating to publication of income tax data by "any person", were
    omitted as covered by section 55(f)(1) of title 26, U.S.C., 1940
    ed., Internal Revenue Code.
      Minor changes were made in translations and phraseology.

REFERENCES IN TEXT

      The Antitrust Civil Process Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L.
    87-664, Sept. 19, 1962, 76 Stat. 548, as amended, which is
    classified generally to chapter 34 (Sec. 1311 et seq.) of Title 15,
    Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the
    Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1311 of Title 15
    and Tables.

AMENDMENTS

      2008 - Pub. L. 110-289 substituted "Federal Housing Finance
    Agency" for "Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight".
      2002 - Pub. L. 107-347 inserted "or being an employee of a
    private sector organization who is or was assigned to an agency
    under chapter 37 of title 5," after "(15 U.S.C. 1311-1314),".
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 substituted "fined under this title" for
    "fined not more than $1,000".
      1992 - Pub. L. 102-550 inserted "any person acting on behalf of
    the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight," after "or
    agency thereof,".
      1980 - Pub. L. 96-349 provided for punishment and removal from
    office of an agent of the Department of Justice as defined in the
    Antitrust Civil Process Act for disclosure of confidential
    information.
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 107-347 effective 120 days after Dec. 17,
    2002, see section 402(a) of Pub. L. 107-347, set out as an
    Effective Date note under section 3601 of Title 44, Public Printing
    and Documents.
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