Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Southwest Key - Rio Grande
San Benito, Texas
Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility
During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 812 detainees housed
at the Southwest Key - Rio Grande left that facility because they were deported, were released under
supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons.
This is a special facility for housing juveniles.
Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 96 percent of
the 849 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months.
This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention.
Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits."
The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from
the Southwest Key - Rio Grande to other facilities.
This report covers those who left ICE custody.
It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities.
For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.
This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access
Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking
each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015.
This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers
October 2014 through September 2015. See
About the Data.
How This Facility Ranks Nationally
Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Southwest Key - Rio Grande was one
of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most
recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had
at least 10 individuals who were deported or released.
Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the
Southwest Key - Rio Grande last year ranked in the top 18 percent nationwide in
the number of individuals leaving ICE detention.
This means that 18 percent of the locations contributed the same or a
larger numbers of exits, while 82
percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.
Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was
that they were deported from the United States.
During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available,
nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported
or "voluntarily" departed.
By way of comparison, a lower percentage of detainees (1 percent) left
the country from the Southwest Key - Rio Grande because they were formally deported, or left under
the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.
Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?
Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released.
However, we can examine whether the Southwest Key - Rio Grande was the first ICE facility in which
these detainees were held.
According to ICE records, for all these detainees, the Southwest Key - Rio Grande
was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE.
The remaining 0 percent had been
transferred in from another ICE detention facility.
For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities
detainees moved through was 1.8.
Detainees at the Southwest Key - Rio Grande on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.0)
Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months
|| 99.3 %
|| 19.8 %
|| 0.3 %
|| 55.3 %
|| 0.2 %
|| 0.9 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 11.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 5.2 %
|| 1.0 %
|| 1.3 %
|| 4.5 %
|| 0.2 %
The issuance of an order to release the detainee was the most common reason why individuals were
recorded as leaving ICE detention from this facility.
Under an "order of recognizance" an individual is released with reporting conditions while in deportation proceedings and
awaiting a final decision.
A second type of order ("order of supervision") releases an individual after a final order of removal.
Here an individual is released because ICE has not met the time limits the law imposes for deporting the individual.
There were 807 (99 percent) who left the Southwest Key - Rio Grande detention for these reasons: 807 with orders
of recognizance, and none with an order of supervision.
Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who
escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available,
and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention.
No one was recorded by the Southwest Key - Rio Grande as either escaping or dying last year.
As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Southwest Key - Rio Grande during the past 12 months for the following
Alternative ATD custody, Bonded Out, Release to ORR, Paroled, Prosecutorial Discretion, Proceedings Terminated, U.S. Marshals or other agency and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.
Figure 2: Reasons individuals left ICE detention
Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture
In many respects release reasons for the Southwest Key - Rio Grande departed from the national picture.
It was the case that a lower proportion left because they were deported from
this facility (0 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (55 percent).
In addition, differences were seen for detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (99
versus 20 percent), individuals released on bond (none versus 11 percent), for those paroled (none versus 5 percent), and those released to the U.S. Marshal or other agency (none versus 5 percent).
The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.
Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention
Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals
from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4
percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin.
The Southwest Key - Rio Grande had no detainees from Mexico among their exits.
Detainees from Mexico were not the largest single nationality group among those leaving detention from the facility.
In descending order,
the top nationalities that made up those leaving ICE detention from the Southwest Key - Rio Grande last year were:
, El Salvador (39%), Honduras (18%), Ecuador (1%) and Mexico (0%).
This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after
Mexico were Guatemala (19%), El Salvador (15%), Honduras (12%) and Ecuador (1%).
For the frequency for each of the other nationalities among those leaving ICE detention from the Southwest Key - Rio Grande last year see Table 4.
Deportations and voluntary departures by nationality.
Within the nationalities that made up those listed in Table 4 with more than one individual, the
proportion deported or voluntarily departing
varied from 0 percent to 50 percent.
As mentioned above, this compares with 1 percent for all detainees.
Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
|| 0.6 %
|| 0.5 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.6 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 50.0 %
|| 0.0 %
during the last 12 months
With the highest rate of 50 percent were detainees from Mexico where 2 individuals were deported or took voluntary departure.
More than one country was tied with the lowest rate, where detainees were deported or took voluntary departure.