Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
San Francisco Hold Room
San Francisco, California

Detainees Deported or Released
Number last 12 months 1,286
Out of total detained 2,104
Facility ranking on detainees top 14 %

Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility

During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 1,286 detainees housed at the San Francisco Hold Room left that facility because they were deported, were released under supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons. This is a special ICE holding area or staging location that under current ICE detention standards is allowed to temporarily house aliens for up to 12 or 16 hours. These types of units generally have no sleeping quarters or shower facilities.

Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 61 percent of the 2,104 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months. This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention. Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits." The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from the San Francisco Hold Room to other facilities.

This report covers those who left ICE custody. It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities. For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.

This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015. This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers October 2014 through September 2015. See About the Data.

How This Facility Ranks Nationally

Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The San Francisco Hold Room was one of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had at least 10 individuals who were deported or released. Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the San Francisco Hold Room last year ranked in the top 14 percent nationwide in the number of individuals leaving ICE detention. This means that 14 percent of the locations contributed the same or a larger numbers of exits, while 86 percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.

Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was that they were deported from the United States. During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available, nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported or "voluntarily" departed. By way of comparison, a higher percentage of detainees (87 percent) left the country from the San Francisco Hold Room because they were formally deported, or left under the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.

Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?

Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released. However, we can examine whether the San Francisco Hold Room was the first ICE facility in which these detainees were held. According to ICE records, for some (10 percent) of these detainees, the San Francisco Hold Room was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE. The remaining 90 percent had been transferred in from another ICE detention facility.

We can also look at how quickly they arrived at this facility after they were first detained. Again, a total of 10 percent arrived at the San Francisco Hold Room at some point during the very first day they were detained by ICE. There was considerable variability among detainees in the number of detention facilities they had been held in before they were finally deported or released from this facility. The number of facilities ranged as high as 7 separate locations for some detainees. These figures again are based on an analysis of the most recent 12 months for which data are available.

For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities detainees moved through was 1.8. Detainees at the San Francisco Hold Room on average had stayed at somewhat more (2.5) ICE facilities.

Reason Left ICE Facility Profile U.S Profile
Number Percent Percent
Deported/Removed 1,122 87.2 % 55.3 %
Orders of Recognizance or Supervision 64 4.9 % 19.8 %
Bonded out 59 4.5 % 11.0 %
U.S. Marshal or Other Agency 23 1.7 % 4.5 %
Proceedings Terminated 9 0.6 % 1.3 %
Alternative ATD custody 5 0.3 % 0.1 %
Paroled 2 0.1 % 5.2 %
Prosecutorial Discretion 2 0.1 % 1.0 %
Died 0 . 0.0 %
Escaped 0 . 0.0 %
Release to ORR 0 . 0.1 %
Voluntary departure 0 . 0.9 %
Withdrawal 0 . 0.2 %
Total 1,286 100.0 % 100.0 %

Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months

Why Did Detainees Leave ICE Detention?

ICE records one of 29 reasons a detainee left ICE detention. As shown in Table 3, these reasons fall into 13 general categories -- from leaving because one is deported or removed, to leaving because one escaped or the individual died while in custody.

Deportation. As mentioned earlier, the most common reason detainees left the San Francisco Hold Room was that they were deported. A total of 1,122 individuals (87 percent) were deported or removed from the San Francisco Hold Room during the most recent 12 month period for which data are available. (ICE data did not distinguish between deportations and removals, and the terms are used interchangeably in this report.)

Orders. Orders are additional mechanisms that are sometimes used to release a person while their case is pending, or awaiting removal. Under an "order of recognizance" an individual is released with reporting conditions while in deportation proceedings and awaiting a final decision. A second type of order ("order of supervision") releases an individual after a final order of removal. Here an individual is released because ICE has not met the time limits the law imposes for deporting the individual. There were 64 (5 percent) who left the San Francisco Hold Room detention for these reasons: 9 with orders of recognizance, and 55 with orders of supervision.

Bonded out. A group of individuals (59 or 5 percent) were also "bonded out." This generally covers situations where the individual posts a bond and is released while awaiting a decision on their deportation (removal) case. The amount of the bond is set by ICE, or by an Immigration Judge. Many individuals are not eligible to be released because their continued detention is considered mandatory under provisions in the immigration laws.

Transferred to criminal custody. A total of 23 individuals (2 percent) left this facility last year because they were turned over to U.S. Marshals or to some other government agency. This typically occurs because there is an outstanding criminal case against the individual, or the individual is needed as a material witness in a criminal case.

No legitimate grounds to deport. Sometimes individuals left ICE detention because they "won" their case. Typically this occurs when an Immigration Judge orders the deportation proceedings ICE has filed against them "terminated" (dismissed) and the judge's order after any appeals becomes final. Analysis of the latest 12 months of data show that a total of 9 individuals, or 1 percent were released from detention by the San Francisco Hold Room because a determination was made that there were no grounds to deport the individuals and thus ICE had to release them from custody.

Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available, and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention. No one was recorded by the San Francisco Hold Room as either escaping or dying last year.

As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the San Francisco Hold Room during the past 12 months for the following reasons: Release to ORR, Voluntary Return and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.

Pie chart of release_grp

Figure 2: Reasons individuals left ICE detention

Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture

In many respects release reasons for the San Francisco Hold Room departed from the national picture. It was the case that a higher proportion left because they were deported from this facility (87 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (55 percent). No one left as a voluntary departure from this facility, while this was true for 1 percent of all individuals nationally.

In addition, differences were seen for detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (5 versus 20 percent), individuals released on bond (5 versus 11 percent), and for those paroled (0 versus 5 percent).

The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.

Pie chart of nat

Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention


Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4 percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin. The San Francisco Hold Room had a much larger proportion of detainees from Mexico - 91 percent among their exits. Detainees from Mexico were also the largest single nationality group among those leaving detention from the facility.

In descending order, the other top nationalities after Mexico that made up those leaving ICE detention from the San Francisco Hold Room last year were: China, Peoples Republic Of (2%), Guatemala (1%), El Salvador (1%) and Philippines (1%).

This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after Mexico were Guatemala (19%), El Salvador (15%), Honduras (12%) and Ecuador (1%).

For the frequency for each of the other nationalities within the top 10 among those leaving ICE detention from the San Francisco Hold Room last year see Table 4.

Deportations and voluntary departures by nationality. Within the nationalities that made up those listed in Table 4 with more than one individual, the proportion deported or voluntarily departing varied from 0 percent to 100 percent. As mentioned above, this compares with 87 percent for all detainees.

Nationalities Ranked in Top 10 Left ICE Detention
Total Deported/
- ALL 1,286 1,122 87.2 %
1 Mexico 1,164 1,074 92.2 %
2 China, Peoples Republic Of 21 7 33.3 %
3 Guatemala 14 1 7.1 %
4 El Salvador 12 1 8.3 %
5 Philippines 9 8 88.8 %
6 Vietnam 8 1 12.5 %
7 Honduras 6 1 16.6 %
8 South Korea 4 4 100.0 %
9 Afghanistan 3 0 0.0 %
10 Belize 2 1 50.0 %
Brazil 2 2 100.0 %
Cuba 2 0 0.0 %
Ecuador 2 1 50.0 %
Ghana 2 1 50.0 %
India 2 0 0.0 %
Korea 2 2 100.0 %
Laos 2 0 0.0 %
Mongolia 2 1 50.0 %
Romania 2 2 100.0 %
Somalia 2 0 0.0 %
Tonga 2 2 100.0 %
Ukraine 2 1 50.0 %

Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
during the last 12 months

More than one country was tied with the highest rate of 100 percent, where detainees were deported or took voluntary departure. More than one country was tied with the lowest rate, where detainees were deported or took voluntary departure.

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