Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Phelps County Jail
Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility
During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 10 detainees housed
at the Phelps County Jail left that facility because they were deported, were released under
supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons.
The use of this facility for the temporary housing of federal immigration detainees was arranged
through an intergovernmental service agreement (IGSA) under which payments by ICE to another governmental
agency are made for housing federal detainees.
Additional information about the arrangement, including whether a private company may operate the
facility for the government, was not available at the time this report was posted.
Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 31 percent of
the 32 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months.
This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention.
Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits."
The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from
the Phelps County Jail to other facilities.
This report covers those who left ICE custody.
It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities.
For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.
This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access
Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking
each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015.
This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers
October 2014 through September 2015. See
About the Data.
How This Facility Ranks Nationally
Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Phelps County Jail was one
of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most
recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had
at least 10 individuals who were deported or released.
Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the
Phelps County Jail last year ranked in the top 99 percent nationwide in
the number of individuals leaving ICE detention.
This means that this facility was at the very bottom of those facilities that were ranked since it only had 10 exits.
Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was
that they were deported from the United States.
During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available,
nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported
or "voluntarily" departed.
By way of comparison, a lower percentage of detainees (0 percent) left
the country from the Phelps County Jail because they were formally deported, or left under
the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.
Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?
Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released.
However, we can examine whether the Phelps County Jail was the first ICE facility in which
these detainees were held.
According to ICE records, for the majority (70 percent) of these detainees, the Phelps County Jail
was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE.
The remaining 30 percent had been
transferred in from another ICE detention facility.
We can also look at how quickly they arrived at this facility after they were first detained.
A total of 80 percent arrived at the Phelps County Jail at some point
during the very first day they were detained by ICE.
There was considerable variability among detainees in the number of detention facilities
they had been held in before they were finally deported or released from this facility.
All detainees either entered and left this one facility, or had spent time at one additional
ICE facility before their transfer to the Phelps County Jail.
These figures again are based on an analysis of the most recent 12 months for which data are available.
For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities
detainees moved through was 1.8.
Detainees at the Phelps County Jail on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.3)
Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months
|| 50.0 %
|| 4.5 %
|| 30.0 %
|| 11.0 %
|| 10.0 %
|| 19.8 %
|| 10.0 %
|| 1.3 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 55.3 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 5.2 %
|| 1.0 %
|| 0.9 %
|| 0.2 %
Transferred to criminal custody.
The most common reason a person left ICE detention from this facility was that they were transferred
to criminal custody.
A total of 5 individuals (50 percent) left this facility
last year because they were turned over to U.S. Marshals or to some other government agency.
This typically occurs because there is an outstanding criminal case against the individual, or the
individual is needed as a material witness in a criminal case.
A group of individuals (3 or 30 percent) were also "bonded out."
This generally covers situations where the individual posts a bond and is released while awaiting a decision on their deportation (removal) case.
The amount of the bond is set by ICE, or by an Immigration Judge.
Many individuals are not eligible to be released because their continued detention is considered mandatory under provisions in the immigration laws.
Orders are additional mechanisms that are sometimes used to release a person while their case is pending, or awaiting removal.
Under an "order of recognizance" an individual is released with reporting conditions while in deportation proceedings and
awaiting a final decision.
A second type of order ("order of supervision") releases an individual after a final order of removal.
Here an individual is released because ICE has not met the time limits the law imposes for deporting the individual.
There was one detainee who left the Phelps County Jail detention for these reasons: none with an order
of recognizance, and one with an order of supervision.
No legitimate grounds to deport.
Sometimes individuals left ICE detention because they "won" their case.
Typically this occurs when an Immigration Judge orders the deportation proceedings ICE has
filed against them "terminated" (dismissed) and the judge's order after any appeals
Analysis of the latest 12 months of data show that one individual was released from detention by the Phelps County Jail
because a determination was made that there were no grounds
to deport the individual and thus ICE had to release him or her from custody.
Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who
escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available,
and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention.
No one was recorded by the Phelps County Jail as either escaping or dying last year.
As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Phelps County Jail during the past 12 months for the following
Alternative ATD custody, Removed, Release to ORR, Paroled, Prosecutorial Discretion, Voluntary Return and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.
Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture
In many respects release reasons for the Phelps County Jail departed from the national picture.
No one left because they were deported from this facility, while for the U.S.
as a whole 55 percent left for this reason.
No one left as a voluntary departure from this facility, while this was true
for 1 percent of all individuals nationally.
In addition, differences were seen for those released to the U.S. Marshal or other agency (50
versus 5 percent), individuals released on bond (30
versus 11 percent), detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (10
versus 20 percent), persons whose proceedings were terminated (10
versus 1 percent), and for those paroled (none versus 5 percent).
The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.
Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention
Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals
from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4
percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin.
The Phelps County Jail had a much larger proportion of detainees from Mexico - 80 percent among their exits.
Detainees from Mexico were also the largest single nationality group among those leaving detention from the facility.
In descending order,
the other top nationalities after Mexico that made up those leaving ICE detention
from the Phelps County Jail last year were:
Dem Rep Of The Congo (10%) and Guatemala (10%).
This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after
Mexico were Guatemala (19%), El Salvador (15%), Honduras (12%) and Ecuador (1%).
Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
during the last 12 months