Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Linn County Jail
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility
During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 25 detainees housed
at the Linn County Jail left that facility because they were deported, were released under
supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons.
The use of this facility for the temporary housing of federal immigration detainees was arranged
through an intergovernmental service agreement (IGSA) under which payments by ICE to another governmental
agency are made for housing federal detainees.
Additional information about the arrangement, including whether a private company may operate the
facility for the government, was not available at the time this report was posted.
Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 16 percent of
the 153 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months.
This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention.
Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits."
The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from
the Linn County Jail to other facilities.
This report covers those who left ICE custody.
It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities.
For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.
This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access
Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking
each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015.
This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers
October 2014 through September 2015. See
About the Data.
How This Facility Ranks Nationally
Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Linn County Jail was one
of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most
recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had
at least 10 individuals who were deported or released.
Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the
Linn County Jail last year ranked in the top 83 percent nationwide in
the number of individuals leaving ICE detention.
This means that 83 percent of the locations contributed the same or a
larger numbers of exits, while 17
percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.
Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was
that they were deported from the United States.
During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available,
nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported
or "voluntarily" departed.
By way of comparison, a lower percentage of detainees (8 percent) left
the country from the Linn County Jail because they were formally deported, or left under
the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.
Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?
Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released.
However, we can examine whether the Linn County Jail was the first ICE facility in which
these detainees were held.
According to ICE records, for the majority (72 percent) of these detainees, the Linn County Jail
was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE.
The remaining 28 percent had been
transferred in from another ICE detention facility.
We can also look at how quickly they arrived at this facility after they were first detained.
Again, a total of 72 percent arrived at the Linn County Jail at some point
during the very first day they were detained by ICE.
There was considerable variability among detainees in the number of detention facilities
they had been held in before they were finally deported or released from this facility.
All detainees either entered and left this one facility, or had spent time at one additional
ICE facility before their transfer to the Linn County Jail.
These figures again are based on an analysis of the most recent 12 months for which data are available.
For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities
detainees moved through was 1.8.
Detainees at the Linn County Jail on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.3)
Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months
|| 84.0 %
|| 4.5 %
|| 4.0 %
|| 11.0 %
|| 4.0 %
|| 55.3 %
|| 4.0 %
|| 19.8 %
|| 4.0 %
|| 0.9 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 5.2 %
|| 1.0 %
|| 1.3 %
|| 0.2 %
Why Did Detainees Leave ICE Detention?
ICE records one of 29 reasons a detainee left ICE detention.
As shown in Table 3, these reasons fall into 13 general categories -- from leaving because
one is deported or removed, to leaving because one escaped or the individual died while in custody.
As mentioned earlier, while nationally the most common reason that a detainee left
ICE detention was that they were deported from this country, this was not the top
reason at this facility.
At the Linn County Jail only one individual was deported or removed during the most recent 12 month period for which data are available.
(ICE data did not distinguish between deportations and removals, and the terms are used interchangeably in this report.)
Transferred to criminal custody.
The most common reason a person left ICE detention from this facility was that they were transferred
to criminal custody.
A total of 21 individuals (84 percent) left this facility
last year because they were turned over to U.S. Marshals or to some other government agency.
This typically occurs because there is an outstanding criminal case against the individual, or the
individual is needed as a material witness in a criminal case.
One individual was also "bonded out."
This generally covers situations where the individual posts a bond and is released while awaiting a decision on their deportation (removal) case.
The amount of the bond is set by ICE, or by an Immigration Judge.
Many individuals are not eligible to be released because their continued detention is considered mandatory under provisions in the immigration laws.
Orders are additional mechanisms that are sometimes used to release a person while their case is pending, or awaiting removal.
Under an "order of recognizance" an individual is released with reporting conditions while in deportation proceedings and
awaiting a final decision.
A second type of order ("order of supervision") releases an individual after a final order of removal.
Here an individual is released because ICE has not met the time limits the law imposes for deporting the individual.
There was one detainee who left the Linn County Jail detention for these reasons: none with an order
of recognizance, and one with an order of supervision.
Under some circumstances, detainees are allowed to take "voluntary departures" or "voluntary returns."
As with deportation, under voluntary departure a person must leave the country.
However, unlike formal deportation where the individual is barred by law from reentering this
country permanently or for a period of years, under voluntary departure and
voluntary return the individual is not legally barred from reentry.
One detainee left the Linn County Jail last year as voluntary departures and voluntary returns.
Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who
escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available,
and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention.
No one was recorded by the Linn County Jail as either escaping or dying last year.
As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Linn County Jail during the past 12 months for the following
Alternative ATD custody, Release to ORR, Paroled, Prosecutorial Discretion, Proceedings Terminated and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.
Figure 2: Reasons individuals left ICE detention
Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture
In many respects release reasons for the Linn County Jail departed from the national picture.
It was the case that a lower proportion left because they were deported from
this facility (4 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (55 percent).
In addition, differences were seen for those released to the U.S. Marshal or other agency (84
versus 5 percent), individuals released on bond (4
versus 11 percent), detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (4
versus 20 percent), and for those paroled (none versus 5 percent).
The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.
Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention
Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals
from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4
percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin.
The Linn County Jail had a much larger proportion of detainees from Mexico - 76 percent among their exits.
Detainees from Mexico were also the largest single nationality group among those leaving detention from the facility.
In descending order,
the other top nationalities after Mexico that made up those leaving ICE detention
from the Linn County Jail last year were:
Honduras (12%), Bahamas (4%), Bosnia-Herzegovina (4%) and Guatemala (4%).
This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after
Mexico were Guatemala (19%), El Salvador (15%), Honduras (12%) and Ecuador (1%).
Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
|| 8.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
during the last 12 months