Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Lubbock Hold Room
Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility
During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 58 detainees housed
at the Lubbock Hold Room left that facility because they were deported, were released under
supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons.
This is a special ICE holding area or staging location that under current ICE detention standards is
allowed to temporarily house aliens for up to 12 or 16 hours. These types of units generally have
no sleeping quarters or shower facilities.
Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 42 percent of
the 139 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months.
This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention.
Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits."
The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from
the Lubbock Hold Room to other facilities.
This report covers those who left ICE custody.
It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities.
For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.
This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access
Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking
each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015.
This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers
October 2014 through September 2015. See
About the Data.
How This Facility Ranks Nationally
Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Lubbock Hold Room was one
of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most
recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had
at least 10 individuals who were deported or released.
Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the
Lubbock Hold Room last year ranked in the top 65 percent nationwide in
the number of individuals leaving ICE detention.
This means that 65 percent of the locations contributed the same or a
larger numbers of exits, while 35
percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.
Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was
that they were deported from the United States.
During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available,
nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported
or "voluntarily" departed.
By way of comparison, a higher percentage of detainees (95 percent) left
the country from the Lubbock Hold Room because they were formally deported, or left under
the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.
Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?
Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released.
However, we can examine whether the Lubbock Hold Room was the first ICE facility in which
these detainees were held.
According to ICE records, for a substantial proportion (45 percent) of these detainees, the Lubbock Hold Room
was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE.
The remaining 55 percent had been
transferred in from another ICE detention facility.
We can also look at how quickly they arrived at this facility after they were first detained.
Again, a total of 45 percent arrived at the Lubbock Hold Room at some point
during the very first day they were detained by ICE.
There was considerable variability among detainees in the number of detention facilities
they had been held in before they were finally deported or released from this facility.
The number of facilities ranged as high as 3 separate locations for some detainees.
These figures again are based on an analysis of the most recent 12 months for which data are available.
For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities
detainees moved through was 1.8.
Detainees at the Lubbock Hold Room on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.6)
Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months
|| 87.9 %
|| 55.3 %
|| 6.8 %
|| 0.9 %
|| 5.1 %
|| 4.5 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 11.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 19.8 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 5.2 %
|| 1.0 %
|| 1.3 %
|| 0.2 %
Why Did Detainees Leave ICE Detention?
ICE records one of 29 reasons a detainee left ICE detention.
As shown in Table 3, these reasons fall into 13 general categories -- from leaving because
one is deported or removed, to leaving because one escaped or the individual died while in custody.
As mentioned earlier, the most common reason detainees left the Lubbock Hold Room
was that they were deported.
A total of 51 individuals (88 percent) were deported or removed from the Lubbock Hold Room during the most recent 12 month period for which data are available.
(ICE data did not distinguish between deportations and removals, and the terms are used interchangeably in this report.)
Under some circumstances, detainees are allowed to take "voluntary departures" or "voluntary returns."
As with deportation, under voluntary departure a person must leave the country.
However, unlike formal deportation where the individual is barred by law from reentering this
country permanently or for a period of years, under voluntary departure and
voluntary return the individual is not legally barred from reentry.
An additional 4 detainees (7 percent) left the Lubbock Hold Room last year as voluntary departures and voluntary returns.
Transferred to criminal custody.
A total of 3 individuals (5 percent) left this facility
last year because they were turned over to U.S. Marshals or to some other government agency.
This typically occurs because there is an outstanding criminal case against the individual, or the
individual is needed as a material witness in a criminal case.
Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who
escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available,
and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention.
No one was recorded by the Lubbock Hold Room as either escaping or dying last year.
As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Lubbock Hold Room during the past 12 months for the following
Alternative ATD custody, Bonded Out, Order of recognizance, Release to ORR, Paroled, Prosecutorial Discretion, Proceedings Terminated and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.
Figure 2: Reasons individuals left ICE detention
Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture
In many respects release reasons for the Lubbock Hold Room departed from the national picture.
It was the case that a higher proportion left because they were deported from
this facility (88 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (55 percent).
A higher proportion (7 percent) left this facility as voluntary departures than
was true nationally (1 percent).
In addition, differences were seen for individuals released on bond (none versus 11 percent), detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (none versus 20 percent), and for those paroled (none versus 5 percent).
The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.
Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals
from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4
percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin.
The Lubbock Hold Room had all detainees from Mexico among their exits.
Detainees from Mexico were the only nationality group leaving detention from this facility.
Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
|| 94.8 %
|| 94.8 %
during the last 12 months