Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Big Spring Hold Room
Big Spring, Texas
Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility
During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 4,134 detainees housed
at the Big Spring Hold Room left that facility because they were deported, were released under
supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons.
This is a special ICE holding area or staging location that under current ICE detention standards is
allowed to temporarily house aliens for up to 12 or 16 hours. These types of units generally have
no sleeping quarters or shower facilities.
Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 81 percent of
the 5,116 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months.
This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention.
Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits."
The others remained in ICE detention but were transferred from
the Big Spring Hold Room to other facilities.
This report covers those who left ICE custody.
It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities.
For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.
This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access
Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 1.7 million government records tracking
each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during fiscal year 2015.
This most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available covers
October 2014 through September 2015. See
About the Data.
How This Facility Ranks Nationally
Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Big Spring Hold Room was one
of 637 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most
recent 12 month period. Of these 637, there were 358 that had
at least 10 individuals who were deported or released.
Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the
Big Spring Hold Room last year ranked in the top 6 percent nationwide in
the number of individuals leaving ICE detention.
This means that 6 percent of the locations contributed the same or a
larger numbers of exits, while 94
percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.
Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was
that they were deported from the United States.
During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available,
nationwide 56.3 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported
or "voluntarily" departed.
By way of comparison, a higher percentage of detainees (100 percent) left
the country from the Big Spring Hold Room because they were formally deported, or left under
the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.
Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?
Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released.
However, we can examine whether the Big Spring Hold Room was the first ICE facility in which
these detainees were held.
According to ICE records, for all these detainees, the Big Spring Hold Room
was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE.
The remaining 0 percent had been
transferred in from another ICE detention facility.
For the United States as a whole, last year the average number of ICE facilities
detainees moved through was 1.8.
Detainees at the Big Spring Hold Room on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.0)
Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months
|| 55.3 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 11.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 0.0 %
|| 19.8 %
|| 0.1 %
|| 5.2 %
|| 1.0 %
|| 1.3 %
|| 4.5 %
|| 0.9 %
|| 0.2 %
Why Did Detainees Leave ICE Detention?
ICE records one of 29 reasons a detainee left ICE detention.
As shown in Table 3, these reasons fall into 13 general categories -- from leaving because
one is deported or removed, to leaving because one escaped or the individual died while in custody.
As mentioned earlier, the most common reason detainees left the Big Spring Hold Room
was that they were deported.
A total of 4,134 individuals (100 percent) were deported or removed from the Big Spring Hold Room during the most recent 12 month period for which data are available.
(ICE data did not distinguish between deportations and removals, and the terms are used interchangeably in this report.)
Escape and death. Nationally, there were 65 individuals who
escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available,
and 6 individuals were recorded as having died in detention.
No one was recorded by the Big Spring Hold Room as either escaping or dying last year.
As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Big Spring Hold Room during the past 12 months for the following
Alternative ATD custody, Bonded Out, Order of recognizance, Release to ORR, Paroled, Prosecutorial Discretion, Proceedings Terminated, U.S. Marshals or other agency, Voluntary Return and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.
Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture
In many respects release reasons for the Big Spring Hold Room departed from the national picture.
It was the case that a higher proportion left because they were deported from
this facility (100 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (55 percent).
No one left as a voluntary departure from this facility, while this was true
for 1 percent of all individuals nationally.
In addition, differences were seen for individuals released on bond (none versus 11 percent), detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (none versus 20 percent), for those paroled (none versus 5 percent), and those released to the U.S. Marshal or other agency (none versus 5 percent).
The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.
Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention
Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals
from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 43.4
percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin.
The Big Spring Hold Room had all detainees from Mexico among their exits.
Detainees from Mexico were the only nationality group leaving detention from this facility.
In descending order,
the other top nationalities after Mexico that made up those leaving ICE detention
from the Big Spring Hold Room last year were:
El Salvador (0%) and United States (0%).
This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after
Mexico were Guatemala (19%), El Salvador (15%), Honduras (12%) and Ecuador (1%).
Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
during the last 12 months