Convictions for September 2012
Referring Agency: Social Security Administration
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during September 2012 the government reported 52 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Social Security Administration.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 1.9% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2012 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (3.3 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 0.7 percent from levels reported in 2007.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in September 2012 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 48.1 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Theft-Government Property" (38.5%), "
Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (5.8%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (3.8%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In September 2012, 1 defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in September the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 18 U.S.C Section 641 involving the "Public money, property or records". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in September.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In September 2012, 51 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during September there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during September.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during September 2012referred by the Social Security Administration.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408.
"Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd were
"Officer or employee of US converting property" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 654, "Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001, "Fraud and related activity - id documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028, "Fraud and mis
use of visas, permits, and other documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1546 and "Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383.
"Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago."Fraud and related activity - id documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028 was ranked 7 a year ago, while it wa
s ranked 5 five years ago."Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 8 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 45.5 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383
that involves " Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution
This was the same statute that had the largest increase—166.7 %—when compared with five years ago.
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 50 percent—was
Fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1546 ).
This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 75 %—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In September 2012 the Justice Department said the government obtained 19.9 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The District of Oregon—with 5 convictions—was the most active during September 2012.
The Eastern District of California (Sacramento) ranked 2nd.
Northern District of Indiana (South Bend), District of Kansas and District of Nevada are now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during September 2012 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 22 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions , while the remaining 21 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 43 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Morrison C. England, Jr. in the Eastern District of California (Sacramento) ranked 1st with 4 convicted in convictions.
Judges Jon Ernest DeGuilio in the Northern District of Indiana (South Bend), Joe L. Heaton in the Western District of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City) and Robert S. Lasnik in the Western District of Washington (Seattle)
ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: December 11, 2012