Convictions for October 2012
Referring Agency: Social Security Administration
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during October 2012 the government reported 40 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Social Security Administration.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 23.1% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2012 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (2.5 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 6.8 percent from levels reported in 2007.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in October 2012 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 70 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Theft-Government Property" (15%), "
Fraud-Identity Theft-Aggravated" (5%), "Fraud-Mortgage" (2.5%), "Fraud-Other" (2.5%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (2.5%), "Project Safe Childhood" (2.5%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In October 2012, 1 defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in October the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 18 U.S.C Section 641 involving the "Public money, property or records". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in October.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In October 2012, 39 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during October there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during October.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during October 2012referred by the Social Security Administration.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408.
"Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd were
"Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001, "Fraud and related activity - id documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028, "Social Security -Procedure for payment of benefits" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 and "Frau
dulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383.
"Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 4 five years ago."Fraud and related activity - id documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028 was ranked 7 a year ago, while it wa
s ranked 5 five years ago."Social Security -Procedure for payment of benefits" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 was ranked 6 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago."Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 was r
anked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 7 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 50 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341
that involves " Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—112.5 percent—was registered for
convictions under " Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution
" (Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 46.2 percent—was
Fraud/false statements or entries generally
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 72.7 percent—was
for convictions where the lead charge was " Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In October 2012 the Justice Department said the government obtained 15.2 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The Western District of Missouri (Kansas City)—with 4 convictions—was the most active during October 2012.
The Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) and Western District of Virginia (Roanoke) ranked 2nd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during October 2012 are shown in Table 4.
All 34 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 34 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Patti B. Saris in the District of Massachusetts, Carol E. Jackson in the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), Michael Robert Hogan in the District of Oregon and Norman K. Moon in the Western District of Virginia (Roanoke) ranked 1st with 2
convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: February 6, 2013