Convictions for March 2013
Referring Agency: Social Security Administration
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during March 2013 the government reported 44 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Social Security Administration.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is the same as in the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-15.1 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 4.4 percent from levels reported in 2008.
The leveling out in
these cases is partly related to increases in the matters filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. If magistrate cases
are excluded and only Federal District Court cases are counted, the overall increase in
convictions is 3.2 percent instead of 4.4 percent.
The evidence suggests that part of the difference may be the result of improvements in the recording of the magistrate cases
by the Justice Department.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in March 2013 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 52.3 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Theft-Government Property" (20.5%), "
Other Criminal Prosecutions" (6.8%), "Government Property-Crimes Against" (4.5%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (2.3%), "Fraud-Other" (2.3%), "Fraud-Other Business" (2.3%), "Fraud-Securities" (2.3%), "Obscenity" (2.3%), "Project Safe Childhood" (2.3%)
, "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (2.3%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In March 2013, 1 defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in March the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 36 U.S.C Section . involving the "Misappropriation of Property and Services". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in March.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In March 2013, 43 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during March there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during March.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during March 2013referred by the Social Security Administration.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408.
"Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383.
"Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 6 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 200 percent—compared to one year ago was
that involves "
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—80.6 percent—was registered for
convictions under " Public money, property or records
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 50 percent—was
Fraud/false statements or entries generally
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 ).
This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 61.5 %—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In March 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 16.8 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during March 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 18 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions , while the remaining 18 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 36 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Stefan R. Underhill in the District of Connecticut, David L. Bunning in the Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington), Dana Lewis Christensen in the District of Montana, Thomas D. Schroeder in the Middle District of North Carolina (Greensboro), Jon Phipps M
cCalla in the Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) and Robert S. Lasnik in the Western District of Washington (Seattle) ranked 1st with 2 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: May 9, 2013