Convictions for January 2014

Referring Agency: Social Security Administration

Number Latest Month 37
Percent Change from previous month -9.8
Percent Change from 1 year ago -3.6
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 5.3
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 4.5
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2014 the government reported 37 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Social Security Administration. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 9.8% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2014 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-3.6 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 5.3 percent from levels reported in 2009.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in January 2014 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 48.6 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Theft-Government Property" (29.7%), " Government Property-Crimes Against" (8.1%), "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (2.7%), "Fraud-Bankruptcy" (2.7%), "Fraud-Federal Procurement" (2.7%), "Fraud-Identity Theft-Aggravated" (2.7%), "Terrorism-Domestic" (2.7%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In January 2014, 1 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in January the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343 involving the "Fraud by wire, radio, or television". This was the lead charge for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in January.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In January 2014, 36 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during January 2014referred by the Social Security Administration.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 22 1 1 1 More
42 USC 408 - Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties 7 2 2 2 More
42 USC 1383a - Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution 2 3 3 5 More
18 USC 152 - Concealment of assets; false oaths and claims; etc 1 4 11 - More
18 USC 875 - Interstate Communications 1 4 - - More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 1 4 5 5 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 1 4 11 11 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 1 4 - - More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408. "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383. "Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 5 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 100 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343 that involves " Fraud by wire, radio, or television ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—54.8 percent—was registered for convictions under " Public money, property or records " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 54.5 percent—was Fraudulent acts; penalties; restitution (Title 42 U.S.C Section 1383 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 62.5 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Fraud/false statements or entries generally " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In January 2014 the Justice Department said the government obtained 13.8 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.


Judicial District Count Rank  
Maryland 4 1 More
Ala, N 3 2 More
Ark, E 2 3 More
Miss, N 2 3 More
Mo, E 2 3 More
Okla, N 2 3 More
Texas, N 2 3 More
Wash, W 2 3 More
Ala, S 1 9 More
Colorado 1 9 More
Fla, S 1 9 More
Ill, N 1 9 More
Ken, E 1 9 More
La, E 1 9 More
Mich, W 1 9 More
Minnesota 1 9 More
Montana 1 9 More
N Car, M 1 9 More
N. J. 1 9 More
Ohio, N 1 9 More
Ohio, S 1 9 More
Okla, E 1 9 More
Oregon 1 9 More
Tenn, M 1 9 More
Wisc, E 1 9 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The District of Maryland—with 4 convictions—was the most active during January 2014.

  • The Northern District of Alabama (Birmingham) ranked 2nd.

  • Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock), Northern District of Mississippi (Oxford), Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), Northern District of Oklahoma (Tulsa), Northern District of Texas (Fort Worth) and Western District of Washington (Seattle) are now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during January 2014 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Miller, Brian Stacy Ark, E 2 1 More
Bredar, James Kelleher Maryland 2 1 More
Aycock, Sharion Miss, N 2 1 More
Leighton, Ronald B. Wash, W 2 1 More
Blackburn, Sharon Lovelace Ala, N 1 5 More
Hancock, James Hughes Ala, N 1 5 More
Proctor, R. David Ala, N 1 5 More
DuBose, Kristi K. Ala, S 1 5 More
Babcock, Lewis Thornton Colorado 1 5 More
Scola, Robert Nichols, Jr. Fla, S 1 5 More
Zagel, James Block Ill, N 1 5 More
Thapar, Amul Roger Ken, E 1 5 More
Blake, Catherine C. Maryland 1 5 More
Russell, George Levi, III Maryland 1 5 More
Bell, Robert Holmes Mich, W 1 5 More
Tunheim, John R. Minnesota 1 5 More
Autrey, Henry Edward Mo, E 1 5 More
Mummert, Thomas C., III Mo, E 1 5 More
Molloy, Donald W. Montana 1 5 More
Beaty, James A., Jr. N Car, M 1 5 More
Hillman, Noel Lawrence N. J. 1 5 More
Nugent, Donald C. Ohio, N 1 5 More
Merz, Michael R. Ohio, S 1 5 More
Payne, James H. Okla, E 1 5 More
Frizzell, Gregory Kent Okla, N 1 5 More
Dowdell, John Edward Okla, N 1 5 More
Aiken, Ann L. Oregon 1 5 More
Trauger, Aleta Arthur Tenn, M 1 5 More
Kinkeade, James E. Texas, N 1 5 More
Boyle, Jane J. Texas, N 1 5 More
Randa, Rudolph Thomas Wisc, E 1 5 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 31 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 31 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judges Brian Stacy Miller in the Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock), James Kelleher Bredar in the District of Maryland, Sharion Aycock in the Northern District of Mississippi (Oxford) and Ronald B. Leighton in the Western District of Washington (Seattle) ranked 1st with 2 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: March 17, 2014
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