Prosecutions for January 2014

Referring Agency: Social Security Administration

Number Latest Month 39
Percent Change from previous month -4.9
Percent Change from 1 year ago 14.9
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 57.6
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 49.3
Table 1: Criminal Prosecutions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2014 the government reported 39 new prosecutions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Social Security Administration. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 4.9% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants charged are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2014 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of filings was up (14.9 percent). Prosecutions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are up 57.6 percent from levels reported in 2009.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in prosecutions

The increase from the levels five years ago in prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in January 2014 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 46.2 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Fraud-Other" (17.9%), "Theft-Government Property" (15.4 %), "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (15.4%), "Fraud-Health Care" (2.6%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (2.6%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions

Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In January 2014, 5 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in January the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 641 involving the "Public money, property or records". This was the lead charge for 100 percent of all magistrate filings in January.

Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts

In January 2014, 34 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there were an additional 1 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during January 2014referred by the Social Security Administration.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 20 1 1 1 More
42 USC 408 - Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties 3 2 2 2 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 2 3 5 4 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 2 3 8 9 More
18 USC 1028A - Aggravated Identity Theft 1 5 8 6 More
18 USC 1542 - False statement in application and use of passport 1 5 11 - More
Table 2: Top charges filed

  • "Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Public money, property or records" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 641) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408. "Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties" under Title 42 U.S.C Section 408 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd were "Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 and "Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343. "Fraud/false statements or entries generally" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 4 five years ago."Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343 was ranked 8 a year ago, while it was rank ed 9 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in prosecutions—up 50 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343 that involves " Fraud by wire, radio, or television ". This was the same statute that had the largest increase—200 %—when compared with five years ago.

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 62.5 percent—was Fraud/false statements or entries generally (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 ). This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 50 %—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In January 2014 the Justice Department said the government brought 13.4 prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of prosecutions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.


Judicial District Count Rank  
Minnesota 3 1 More
Virg, W 3 1 More
W Virg, N 3 1 More
Ala, N 2 4 More
Arizona 2 4 More
Cal, E 2 4 More
Cal, N 2 4 More
Ga, N 2 4 More
Ind, N 2 4 More
Fla, S 1 10 More
Idaho 1 10 More
Ken, E 1 10 More
Ken, W 1 10 More
Maryland 1 10 More
Mich, E 1 10 More
Miss, S 1 10 More
Mo, W 1 10 More
N Mexico 1 10 More
N. Y., E 1 10 More
Okla, E 1 10 More
Oregon 1 10 More
S Dakota 1 10 More
Texas, W 1 10 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The District of Minnesota, Western District of Virginia (Roanoke) and Northern District of West Virginia (Wheeling)—with 3 prosecutions—were the most active during January 2014.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases of this type during January 2014 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Rateau, Jacqueline M. Arizona 2 1 More
Conrad, Glen Edward Virg, W 2 1 More
Groh, Gina Marie W Virg, N 2 1 More
Bowdre, Karon O. Ala, N 1 4 More
Kallon, Abdul Karim Ala, N 1 4 More
O'Neill, Lawrence Joseph Cal, E 1 4 More
Newman, Kendall J. Cal, E 1 4 More
Rosenbaum, Robin S. Fla, S 1 4 More
Lodge, Edward J. Idaho 1 4 More
Van Bokkelen, Joseph S. Ind, N 1 4 More
Springmann, Theresa Lazar Ind, N 1 4 More
Caldwell, Karen K. Ken, E 1 4 More
McKinley, Joseph H., Jr. Ken, W 1 4 More
Niemeyer, Paul Victor Maryland 1 4 More
Grand, David R. Mich, E 1 4 More
Davis, Michael James Minnesota 1 4 More
Doty, David Singleton Minnesota 1 4 More
Schiltz, Patrick Joseph Minnesota 1 4 More
Wingate, Henry Travillion Miss, S 1 4 More
Wimes, Brian Curtis Mo, W 1 4 More
Feuerstein, Sandra J. N. Y., E 1 4 More
Payne, James H. Okla, E 1 4 More
Biery, Samuel Frederick, Jr. Texas, W 1 4 More
Urbanski, Michael Francis Virg, W 1 4 More
Bailey, John Preston W Virg, N 1 4 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 25 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of filings . (Because of ties, there were a total of 25 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judges Jacqueline M. Rateau in the District of Arizona, Glen Edward Conrad in the Western District of Virginia (Roanoke) and Gina Marie Groh in the Northern District of West Virginia (Wheeling) ranked 1st with 2 defendants in cases.

Report Generated: March 17, 2014
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