White Collar Crime Convictions for July 2013

Number Latest Month 628
Percent Change from previous month 6.3
Percent Change from 1 year ago -2.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 2.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -0.7
Table 1: Criminal White Collar Crime Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during July 2013 the government reported 628 new white collar crime convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 6.3% over the previous month.

White Collar Crime

This report summarizes the government's recent efforts when it comes to combating white collar crime—the number of such cases, the investigative agencies involved, the laws cited, the busiest federal districts and the busiest federal judges.

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The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for white collar crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-2.4 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 2.2 percent from levels reported in 2008.

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in white collar crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of white collar crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in white collar crime convictions

Within the broad category of white collar crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within white collar crime are

Federal Procurement Fraud Federal Program Fraud
Tax Fraud Arson for Profit
Other Insurance Fraud Financial Institution Fraud
Bankruptcy Fraud Advance Fee Schemes
Other Fraud Against Businesses Consumer Fraud
Securities Fraud Commodities Fraud
Other Investment Fraud Antitrust Violations - Other
Computer Fraud Health Care Fraud
Fraud Against Insurance Providers Intellectual Property Violations
Insider Fraud Against Insurance Providers MEWA (Multiple Employer Welfare Arrangements) Fraud/MET
Antitrust Violations - Airlines Antitrust Violations - Banking
Antitrust Violations - Defense Procurement Antitrust Violations - Extraterritorial Application Of
Antitrust Violations - Finance Markets, Other than Banking Telemarketing Fraud
Corporate Fraud Identity Theft
Aggravated Identity Theft Other White Collar Crime/Fraud

The largest number of convictions of these matters in July 2013 was for "Fraud-Federal Program", accounting for 13.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Fraud-Financial Institution" (13.4%), "Fraud-Other" (11%), " Fraud-Mortgage" (10.4%), "Fraud-Tax" (8.4%), "Fraud-Health Care" (8.3%), "Fraud-Identity Theft-Other" (8.1%), "Fraud-Identity Theft-Aggravated" (6.8%), "Fraud-Other Business" (6.7%), "Fraud-Securities" (2.7%), "Fraud-Computer" (2.2%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for white collar crime convictions in July 2013 was FBI accounting for 34 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of white collar crime convictions were: SecServ (13% ), IRS (11%), Postal (9%), DHS (9%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

White Collar Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In July 2013, 12 defendants in white collar crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in July the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028 involving the "Aggravated Identity Theft". This was the lead charge for 75 percent of all magistrate convictions in July.

White Collar Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In July 2013, 616 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during July there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during July.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of white collar crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during July 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 65 1 4 3 More
18 USC 1344 - Bank Fraud 57 2 1 1 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 56 3 2 4 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 41 4 8 7 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 38 5 3 2 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 38 5 5 10 More
18 USC 1028 - Fraud and related activity - id documents 31 7 6 5 More
18 USC 1347 - Health Care Fraud 29 8 9 8 More
18 USC 1029 - Fraud and related activity - access devices 26 9 7 6 More
26 USC 7206 - Fraud and False statements 19 10 10 9 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 371) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 371) was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Bank Fraud" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1344. "Bank Fraud" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1344 was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343. "Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 4 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 50.8 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1347 that involves " Health Care Fraud ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—97 percent—was registered for convictions under " Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1349 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 22.7 percent—was Fraud and related activity - id documents (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028 ). This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 30.1 %—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In July 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 240.8 white collar crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of white collar crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 white collar crime convictions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Ala, S 2,763 19 1 21 41 More
D. C. 1,201 6 2 90 55 More
Montana 1,108 9 3 70 60 More
La, M 762 5 4 72 41 More
Ohio, N 742 36 5 3 6 More
S Dakota 739 5 6 66 66 More
Mo, E 701 17 7 5 10 More
N. Y., S 701 30 7 18 3 More
Virg, W 678 12 9 57 43 More
W Virg, N 670 5 10 66 84 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The Southern District of Alabama (Mobile)—with 2763 convictions as compared with 240.8 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during July 2013.

  • The District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) ranked 2nd.

  • District of Montana is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Southern District of New York (Manhattan), now ranked 7th , and Southern District of Alabama (Mobile) at 1st In the same order, these districts ranked 18th and 21st one year ago and 3rd and 41st five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of white collar crime convictions compared to one year ago— 300 percent—was Washington, D.C. (Washington). Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 280 percent—was Northern District of West Virginia (Wheeling).

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of white collar crime convictions— 43.9 percent—was Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis).  But over the past five years, Southern District of New York (Manhattan) showed the largest drop— 42.3 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new white collar crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during July 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Adams, John R. Ohio, N 23 1 131 77 More
Jones, James Parker Virg, W 11 2 162 26 More
Blake, Catherine C. Maryland 8 3 33 471 More
Jonker, Robert James Mich, W 8 3 29 471 More
Steele, William H. Ala, S 7 5 52 43 More
Bunning, David L. Ken, E 7 5 33 26 More
Magnuson, Paul Arthur Minnesota 7 5 284 101 More
Hamilton, Jean Constance Mo, E 7 5 25 101 More
Crone, Marcia A. Texas, E 7 5 42 2 More
DuBose, Kristi K. Ala, S 6 10 6 208 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 5 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of white collar crime convictions per capita, while the remaining 5 judges were from other districts.

  • Judge John R. Adams in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 1st with 23 convicted in white collar crime convictions.

  • Judge James Parker Jones in the Western District of Virginia (Roanoke) ranked 2nd with 11 convicted in white collar crime convictions.

  • Judges Catherine C. Blake in the District of Maryland and Robert James Jonker in the Western District of Michigan (Grand Rapids) ranked 3rd with 8 convicted in white collar crime convictions.

Report Generated: September 23, 2013
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