Convictions for June 2013

Referring Agency: Internal Revenue Service

Number Latest Month 106
Percent Change from previous month -30.7
Percent Change from 1 year ago 15.8
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 25.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 26.3
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 106 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Internal Revenue Service. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 30.7% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (15.8 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 25.4 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The increase from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Fraud-Tax", accounting for 61.3 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (10.4%), " Money Laundering-Other" (4.7%), "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (3.8%), "Fraud-Federal Program" (2.8%), "Fraud-Other" (2.8%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In June 2013, 1 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in June the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 26 U.S.C Section 7203 involving the "Willful failure to file return, supply information". This was the lead charge for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in June.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In June 2013, 105 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013referred by the Internal Revenue Service.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
26 USC 7206 - Fraud and False statements 18 1 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 14 2 More
26 USC 7201 - Attempt to evade or defeat tax 13 3 More
18 USC 286 - Conspiracy to defraud the Government claims 8 4 More
26 USC 7202 - Willful failure to collect or pay over tax 6 5 More
18 USC 287 - False, fictitious or fraudulent claims 5 6 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 5 6 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 4 8 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 3 9 More
26 USC 7203 - Willful failure to file return, supply information 3 9 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Fraud and False statements" (Title 26 U.S.C Section 7206) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Attempt to evade or defeat tax" under Title 26 U.S.C Section 7201.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 41 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Cal, C 8 1 More
Ken, E 7 2 More
Mo, E 5 3 More
Tenn, E 5 3 More
Texas, S 5 3 More
Fla, S 4 6 More
Ohio, N 4 6 More
Puer Rico 4 6 More
Texas, N 4 6 More
Fla, N 3 10 More
N. J. 3 10 More
N. Y., E 3 10 More
Ohio, S 3 10 More
Penn, E 3 10 More
Wash, W 3 10 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Central District of California (Los Angeles)—with 8 convictions—was the most active during June 2013.

  • The Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) ranked 2nd.

  • Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) and Southern District of Texas (Houston) are now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Bunning, David L. Ken, E 5 1 More
Phillips, Thomas W. Tenn, E 4 2 More
Hinkle, Robert Lewis Fla, N 3 3 More
Zouhary, Jack Ohio, N 3 3 More
Cerezo, Carmen Consuelo Puer Rico 3 3 More
Hughes, Lynn Nettleton Texas, S 3 3 More
Thompson, Myron Herbert Ala, M 2 7 More
King, George H. Cal, C 2 7 More
Shubb, William B. Cal, E 2 7 More
Scola, Robert Nichols, Jr. Fla, S 2 7 More
Bramlette, David C., III Miss, S 2 7 More
Hamilton, Jean Constance Mo, E 2 7 More
Haggerty, Ancer Lee Oregon 2 7 More
Dalzell, Stewart R. Penn, E 2 7 More
Conti, Joy Flowers Penn, W 2 7 More
Clark, Ron Texas, E 2 7 More
Leighton, Ronald B. Wash, W 2 7 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 11 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions , while the remaining 6 judges were from other districts. (Because of ties, there were a total of 17 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge David L. Bunning in the Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) ranked 1st with 5 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge Thomas W. Phillips in the Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) ranked 2nd with 4 convicted in convictions.

  • Judges Robert Lewis Hinkle in the Northern District of Florida (Pensacola), Jack Zouhary in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland), Carmen Consuelo Cerezo in the District of Puerto Rico and Lynn Nettleton Hughes in the Southern District of Texas (Houston) ranked 3rd with 3 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: August 20, 2013
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