National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions for September 2013
Table 1: Criminal National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during September 2013 the government reported 29 new national internal security/terrorism convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 107.1% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for national internal security/terrorism-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom
of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (22.4 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 23.8 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in national internal security/terrorism convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in national internal security/terrorism convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of national internal security/terrorism, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within national internal security/terrorism are
Matters Relating to National Internal Security
International Terrorism Incidents Which Impact on U.S.
Terrorism Related Hoaxes
Export Enforcement Terrorism Related
National Security/Critical Infrastructure Protection
The largest number of convictions of these matters in September 2013 was for "Terrorism-Domestic", accounting for 51.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Terrorism-Critical Infrastructure Protec" (34.5%), "
Terrorism-Related Hoaxes" (10.3%), "Internal Security Offenses" (3.4%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for national internal security/terrorism convictions in September 2013
was FBI accounting for 69 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of national internal security/terrorism convictions were:
DHS (14% ), DEA (3%), Postal (3%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In September 2013, 1 defendants
in national internal security/terrorism cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in September the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 31 U.S.C Section 5324 involving the "Structuring transactions to evade reporting requir". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in September.
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In September 2013, 28 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during September there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during September.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of national internal security/terrorism matters
filed in U.S. District Court during September 2013.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In September 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 10.9 national internal security/terrorism convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The Central District of California (Los Angeles)—with 5 convictions—was the most active during September 2013.
The District of New Jersey ranked 2nd.
Eastern District of Louisiana (New Orleans), Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), District of Utah and Western District of Washington (Seattle) are now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new national internal security/terrorism crime cases resulting in convictions
of this type during September 2013 are shown in Table 4.
All 22 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of national internal security/terrorism convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 22 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Joel A. Pisano in the District of New Jersey ranked 1st with 3 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
J[ames] Leon Holmes in the Western District of Arkansas (Fort Smith), Manuel Lawrence Real in the Central District of California (Los Angeles), Christina A. Snyder in the Central District of California (Los Angeles), Dale S. Fischer in the Central District
of California (Los Angeles), Robert Lewis Hinkle in the Northern District of Florida (Pensacola), William T. Lawrence in the Southern District of Indiana (Indianapolis), Eldon E. Fallon in the Eastern District of Louisiana (New Orleans), Marti
ranked 2nd with 1 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Report Generated: November 25, 2013