National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions for May 2013
Table 1: Criminal National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during May 2013 the government reported 31 new national internal security/terrorism convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 72.2% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for national internal security/terrorism-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom
of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (17.4 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 33.3 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in national internal security/terrorism convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in national internal security/terrorism convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of national internal security/terrorism, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within national internal security/terrorism are
Matters Relating to National Internal Security
International Terrorism Incidents Which Impact on U.S.
Terrorism Related Hoaxes
Export Enforcement Terrorism Related
National Security/Critical Infrastructure Protection
The largest number of convictions of these matters in May 2013 was for "Terrorism-Domestic", accounting for 35.5 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Internal Security Offenses" (22.6%), "
Terrorism-Critical Infrastructure Protec" (22.6%), "Terrorism-Related Financing" (12.9%), "Terrorism-Related Hoaxes" (6.5%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for national internal security/terrorism convictions in May 2013
was FBI accounting for 48 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of national internal security/terrorism convictions were:
DHS (13% ), ATF (3%), Defense (3%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In May 2013, 1 defendants
in national internal security/terrorism cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in May the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 18 U.S.C Section 1924 involving the "Unauthorized removal/retention of classified docs". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in May.
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In May 2013, 30 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during May there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during May.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of national internal security/terrorism matters
filed in U.S. District Court during May 2013.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Explosives - Importation and storage of explosives" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 844), "Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1512) and "Fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1546)
were the most frequent recorded lead charges.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In May 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 11.7 national internal security/terrorism convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The Eastern District of North Carolina (Raleigh)—with 5 convictions—was the most active during May 2013.
The Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 2nd.
Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) is now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new national internal security/terrorism crime cases resulting in convictions
of this type during May 2013 are shown in Table 4.
All 25 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of national internal security/terrorism convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 25 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge William Earl Britt in the Eastern District of North Carolina (Raleigh) ranked 1st with 3 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Judges David A. Katz in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) and Benita Yalonda Pearson in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Report Generated: July 22, 2013