National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions for December 2017
Table 1. Criminal National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during December 2017 the government reported 21 new national internal security/terrorism convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 162.5 percent over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for national internal security/terrorism-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys (see Table 1).
When monthly 2017 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (12.2%).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 21 percent from levels reported in 2012.
Figure 1. Monthly Trends in National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in national internal security/terrorism convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of national internal security/terrorism, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within national internal security/terrorism are
Matters Relating to National Internal Security
International Terrorism Incidents Which Impact on U.S.
Terrorism Related Hoaxes
Export Enforcement Terrorism Related
National Security/Critical Infrastructure Protection
The largest number of convictions of these matters in December 2017 was for "Terrorism-Domestic", accounting for 66.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Internal Security Offenses" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Export Enforcement" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Hoaxes" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Financing" (4.8%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for national internal security/terrorism convictions in December 2017
was FBI accounting for 67 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of national internal security/terrorism convictions were:
DHS (10% ), ATF (5%), IRS (5%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2. Specific Types of Convictions
Figure 3. Convictions by Investigative Agency
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In December 2017, no defendants
in national internal security/terrorism cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In December 2017, 21 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during December there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during December.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of national internal security/terrorism matters
filed in U.S. District Court during December 2017.
Table 2. Top Charges for Convictions
"Conspiracy to impede or injure officer" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 372) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Harboring or Concealing Terrorists" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2339.
Ranked 3rd were "Reentry of deported alien" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326, "Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 115, "False, fictitious or fraudulent claims" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 287, "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371, "Fictitious Obligations" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 514, "Explosives - Importation, manufacture, etc" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 842, "Explosives - Importation and storage of e.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In December 2017 the Justice Department said the government obtained 7.8 national internal security/terrorism convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3. Top 10 Districts
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new national internal security/terrorism crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during December 2017 are shown in Table 4.
All 15 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of national internal security/terrorism convictions. (Because of ties, there were a total of 15 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Anna J. Brown in the District of Oregon ranked 1st with 5 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Judges Rosemary Marquez in the District of Arizona, Randolph Daniel Moss in the District of Washington, D.C. (Washington), Mark Eaton Walker in the Northern District of Florida (Pensacola), Jane Elizabeth Magnus-Stinson in the Southern District of Indiana (Indianapolis), John Andrew Ross in the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), M. Christina Armijo in the District of New Mexico, James O. Browning in the District of New Mexico, Denise L. Cote in the Southern District of New York (Manhattan), Nitz ranked 2nd with 1 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.
Report Generated: January 24, 2018