National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions for December 2017

Number Latest Month 21
Percent Change from previous month 162.5
Percent Change from 1 year ago 12.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago
(Including Magistrate Court)
-21.0
Percent Change from 5 years ago
(Excluding Magistrate Court)
-22.1
Table 1. Criminal National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during December 2017 the government reported 21 new national internal security/terrorism convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 162.5 percent over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for national internal security/terrorism-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys (see Table 1).

When monthly 2017 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (12.2%). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 21 percent from levels reported in 2012.

Bar and line plot of FYMON

Figure 1. Monthly Trends in National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in national internal security/terrorism convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of national internal security/terrorism, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within national internal security/terrorism are

  • Matters Relating to National Internal Security

  • International Terrorism Incidents Which Impact on U.S.

  • Domestic Terrorism

  • Terrorism Related Hoaxes

  • Terrorist Financing

  • Export Enforcement Terrorism Related

  • Anti-Terrorism/Environmental

  • Anti-Terrorism/Identity Theft

  • Anti-Terrorism/Immigration

  • Anti-Terrorism/OCDETF Drugs

  • Anti-Terrorism/Non-OCDETF Drugs

  • Anti-Terrorism/Violent Crime

  • Anti-Terrorism/All Others

  • National Security/Critical Infrastructure Protection

The largest number of convictions of these matters in December 2017 was for "Terrorism-Domestic", accounting for 66.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Internal Security Offenses" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Export Enforcement" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Hoaxes" (9.5%), "Terrorism-Related Financing" (4.8%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for national internal security/terrorism convictions in December 2017 was FBI accounting for 67 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of national internal security/terrorism convictions were: DHS (10% ), ATF (5%), IRS (5%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2. Specific Types of Convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3. Convictions by Investigative Agency

National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In December 2017, no defendants in national internal security/terrorism cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

National Internal Security/Terrorism Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In December 2017, 21 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during December there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during December.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of national internal security/terrorism matters filed in U.S. District Court during December 2017.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 372 - Conspiracy to impede or injure officer 4 1 More
18 USC 2339 - Harboring or Concealing Terrorists 2 2 More
08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien 1 3 More
18 USC 115 - Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official 1 3 More
18 USC 287 - False, fictitious or fraudulent claims 1 3 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 1 3 More
18 USC 514 - Fictitious Obligations 1 3 More
18 USC 842 - Explosives - Importation, manufacture, etc 1 3 More
18 USC 844 - Explosives - Importation and storage of explosives 1 3 More
18 USC 875 - Interstate Communications 1 3 More
18 USC 876 - Mailing threatening communications 1 3 More
18 USC 1038 - False Information and Hoaxes 1 3 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 1 3 More
18 USC 1361 - Malicious Mischief - Govrnmt property or contracts 1 3 More
18 USC 1513 - Retaliating against a witness, victim or informant 1 3 More
18 USC 2332a - Use of weapons of mass destruction 1 3 More
50 USC 1705 - International Emergency Economic Powers 1 3 More
Table 2. Top Charges for Convictions

  • "Conspiracy to impede or injure officer" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 372) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Harboring or Concealing Terrorists" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2339.

  • Ranked 3rd were "Reentry of deported alien" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326, "Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 115, "False, fictitious or fraudulent claims" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 287, "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371, "Fictitious Obligations" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 514, "Explosives - Importation, manufacture, etc" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 842, "Explosives - Importation and storage of e.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In December 2017 the Justice Department said the government obtained 7.8 national internal security/terrorism convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of national internal security/terrorism convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.


Judicial District Count Rank  
Oregon 5 1 More
N Mexico 2 2 More
Texas, N 2 2 More
Arizona 1 4 More
D. C. 1 4 More
Fla, N 1 4 More
Ga, M 1 4 More
Ind, S 1 4 More
Mo, E 1 4 More
N. Y., S 1 4 More
Okla, N 1 4 More
Penn, E 1 4 More
Tenn, E 1 4 More
Virg, E 1 4 More
Virg, W 1 4 More
Table 3. Top 10 Districts

  • The District of Oregon — with 5 convictions — was the most active during December 2017.

  • The District of New Mexico and Northern District of Texas (Fort Worth) ranked 2nd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new national internal security/terrorism crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during December 2017 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Brown, Anna J. Oregon 5 1 More
Marquez, Rosemary Arizona 1 2 More
Moss, Randolph Daniel D. C. 1 2 More
Walker, Mark Eaton Fla, N 1 2 More
Magnus-Stinson, Jane Elizabeth Ind, S 1 2 More
Ross, John Andrew Mo, E 1 2 More
Armijo, M. Christina N Mexico 1 2 More
Browning, James O. N Mexico 1 2 More
Cote, Denise L. N. Y., S 1 2 More
Quinones Alejandr, Nitza Ileana Penn, E 1 2 More
Jordan, Robert Leon Tenn, E 1 2 More
Fitzwater, Sidney Allen Texas, N 1 2 More
Kinkeade, James E. Texas, N 1 2 More
Allen, Arenda Lauretta Wright Virg, E 1 2 More
Jones, James Parker Virg, W 1 2 More
Table 4. Top Ten Judges

All 15 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of national internal security/terrorism convictions. (Because of ties, there were a total of 15 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Anna J. Brown in the District of Oregon ranked 1st with 5 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.

  • Judges Rosemary Marquez in the District of Arizona, Randolph Daniel Moss in the District of Washington, D.C. (Washington), Mark Eaton Walker in the Northern District of Florida (Pensacola), Jane Elizabeth Magnus-Stinson in the Southern District of Indiana (Indianapolis), John Andrew Ross in the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), M. Christina Armijo in the District of New Mexico, James O. Browning in the District of New Mexico, Denise L. Cote in the Southern District of New York (Manhattan), Nitz ranked 2nd with 1 convicted in national internal security/terrorism convictions.

Report Generated: January 24, 2018
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