Civil Filings for February 2014
Table 1: Civil Filings
The latest available data from the federal courts show that during February 2014 the government reported 25,262 new civil filings.
According to the case-by-case information
analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number
is down 9.8% over the previous month when the number of civil filings of this type totaled
The comparisons of the number of civil filings are based on case-by-case court records which were compiled and analyzed by TRAC (see Table 1).
When monthly 2014 civil filings of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, their number was up (15.4%).
Civil filings for February 2014 are higher than they were for the same period five years ago.
Overall, the data show that civil filings of this type are up 21.3% from levels reported in February 2009.
Figure 1: Civil Filings over the last 5 years
The long term trend in civil filings for these matters going back five years
is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of civil filings of this type recorded each
month. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural
fluctuations are smoothed out.
One-year and five-year change comparisons are based upon the moving averages.
Types of filings
Cases were classified by the federal courts into general types.
The single largest number of civil filings of these matters through February 2014 was for "Torts - Personal Injury - Product Liability", accounting for 29.0% of civil filings.
As shown in Figure 2, additional categories with substantial numbers of civil filings were "Prisoner Petitions " (19.0%) , "Civil Rights" (10.6%), "Contract" (9.1%), "Labor" (6.3%).
Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, the federal district courts have jurisdiction to hear cases falling under any one of several categories.
The single largest number of civil filings of these matters through February 2014 was under the classification "Federal Question", accounting for 42.5% of civil filings.
As shown in Figure 2, additional categories with substantial numbers of civil filings were "Diversity" (40.5%) , "U.S. Government Defendant" (9.3%), "U.S. Government Plaintiff" (1.7%).
Figure 2: Civil filings by general types
Figure 3: Jurisdiction
for civil filings
Rankings: Specific Nature of Suits
Court filings are also classified based upon the specific nature of the suit. Table 2 shows the top nature of suit categories recorded in the matters
filed during February 2014
Table 2: Top district filed
"Personal Injury- Product Liability" was the most frequent recorded nature of suit category.
"Personal Injury- Product Liability" was ranked 1st a year ago, while it was the 7th most frequently invoked five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency were the nature of suit categories "General Prisoner Petitions" and "Civil Rights".
"Civil Rights" was ranked 3rd a year ago, while it was the 3rd most frequently invoked five years ago.
Among these top nature of suit categories, the one showing the greatest
increase in civil filings—up 208.9 percent—compared to one year ago was
"Health Care / Pharmaceutical Personal Injury Product Liability".
This was the same category that had the largest increase—648.1%—when compared with five years ago.
Again among the top ten nature of suit categories, the one showing the sharpest
decline in civil filings compared to one year ago—down 9.8 percent—was
This was the same statute that had the largest decrease—33.9%—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
Relative to population, the volume of civil matters of this type filed in federal district courts during February 2014 was 80.5 per every million persons in the United States.
One year ago the relative number of filings was 66.3.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of civil filings in
each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per one million people)
The Southern District of West Virginia—with 5,282.6 civil filings as compared with 80.5 civil filings per one million people in the United States—was the most active through February 2014.
The Southern District of West Virginia was ranked 1st a year ago, while it was ranked 5th five years ago.
The District of Washington, D.C. ranked 2nd.
The District of Washington, D.C. was ranked 2nd a year ago, while it was ranked 1st five years ago.
The Southern District of Illinois now ranks 3rd.
The Southern District of Illinois was ranked 4th a year ago.
Recent entries to the top 10 list were Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia), Western District of Louisiana (Shreveport), Middle District of Tennessee (Nashville) and Arizona, now ranked
5th, 7th, 8th and 9th. These districts ranked 11th, 12th, 52nd and 63rd one year ago and 2nd, 14th, 45th and 56th
five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of civil filings
compared to one year ago—192.9 percent—was Arizona.
Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth—4637.4 percent—was
Southern District of West Virginia .
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of civil filings—6.1 percent—was Delaware.
But over the past five years, Eastern District of Pennsylvania showed the largest drop—50.1 percent.
Report Generated: March 26, 2014