Organized Crime Convictions for September 2013

Number Latest Month 30
Percent Change from previous month -34.8
Percent Change from 1 year ago -19.9
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -43.1
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -43.5
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during September 2013 the government reported 30 new organized crime convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 34.8% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-19.9 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 43.1 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in organized crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of organized crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within organized crime are

  • Organized Crime - Traditional Organizations

  • Organized Crime - Emerging Organizations

The largest number of convictions of these matters in September 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization", accounting for 60 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization " (40%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for organized crime convictions in September 2013 was FBI accounting for 80 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime convictions were: ATF (13% ), DHS (7%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In September 2013, no defendants in organized crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In September 2013, 30 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during September there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during September.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of organized crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during September 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 8 1 More
18 USC 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses 7 2 More
18 USC 2118 - Robberies/burglaries w/controlled substances 4 3 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 3 4 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 2 5 More
18 USC 373 - Solicitation to commit a crime of violence 1 6 More
18 USC 894 - Collection of extensions of credit by extortionate 1 6 More
18 USC 1029 - Fraud and related activity - access devices 1 6 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 1 6 More
18 USC 2117 - Breaking or entering carrier facilities 1 6 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 1 6 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1955.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Robberies/burglaries w/controlled substances" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2118.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In September 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 11.7 organized crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Hawaii 7 1 More
Mich, E 4 2 More
Fla, M 2 3 More
Fla, S 2 3 More
Ind, N 2 3 More
N. J. 2 3 More
N. Y., E 2 3 More
Penn, E 2 3 More
Cal, S 1 9 More
Mass 1 9 More
N Car, M 1 9 More
N. Y., W 1 9 More
Nevada 1 9 More
Okla, N 1 9 More
Texas, S 1 9 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The District of Hawaii—with 7 convictions—was the most active during September 2013.

  • The Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) ranked 2nd.

  • Middle District of Florida (Tampa), Southern District of Florida (Miami), Northern District of Indiana (South Bend), District of New Jersey, Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) and Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) are now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during September 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Seabright, J[ohn] Michael Hawaii 7 1 More
Tarnow, Arthur J. Mich, E 4 2 More
Lazzara, Richard A. Fla, M 2 3 More
Dimitrouleas, William P. Fla, S 2 3 More
Miller, Robert Lowell, Jr. Ind, N 2 3 More
Robreno, Eduardo C. Penn, E 2 3 More
Anello, Michael M. Cal, S 1 7 More
Woodlock, Douglas Preston Mass 1 7 More
Beaty, James A., Jr. N Car, M 1 7 More
Cecchi, Claire Claudia N. J. 1 7 More
McNulty, Kevin Charles N. J. 1 7 More
Garaufis, Nicholas G. N. Y., E 1 7 More
Townes, Sandra L. N. Y., E 1 7 More
Siragusa, Charles J. N. Y., W 1 7 More
Hicks, Larry R. Nevada 1 7 More
Atlas, Nancy Friedman Texas, S 1 7 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 16 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 16 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge J[ohn] Michael Seabright in the District of Hawaii ranked 1st with 7 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judge Arthur J. Tarnow in the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) ranked 2nd with 4 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judges Richard A. Lazzara in the Middle District of Florida (Tampa), William P. Dimitrouleas in the Southern District of Florida (Miami), Robert Lowell Miller, Jr. in the Northern District of Indiana (South Bend) and Eduardo C. Robreno in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) ranked 3rd with 2 convicted in organized crime convictions.

Report Generated: November 25, 2013
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