Organized Crime Prosecutions for June 2013

Number Latest Month 37
Percent Change from previous month 0.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago 39.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -19.0
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -22.1
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Prosecutions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 37 new organized crime prosecutions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is the same as in the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants charged with organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of filings was up (39.2 percent). Prosecutions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are down 19 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime prosecutions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in organized crime prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of organized crime prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within organized crime are

  • Organized Crime - Traditional Organizations

  • Organized Crime - Emerging Organizations

The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization", accounting for 83.8 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization " (16.2%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for organized crime prosecutions in June 2013 was FBI accounting for 95 percent of prosecutions referred. Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime referrals were: DHS (3% ), Local (3%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Prosecutions by investigative agency

Organized Crime Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In June 2013, 4 defendants in organized crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in June the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951 involving the "Hobbs Act". This was the lead charge for 75 percent of all magistrate filings in June.

Organized Crime Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts

In June 2013, 33 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there were an additional 1 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of organized crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 20 1 7 2 More
18 USC 1084 - Gambling ships - transmit of wagering information 4 2 - - More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 4 2 8 11 More
18 USC 894 - Collection of extensions of credit by extortionate 2 4 5 9 More
18 USC 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses 2 4 16 14 More
18 USC 4 - Misprision of Felony 1 6 - - More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 1 6 1 5 More
Table 2: Top charges filed

  • "RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was ranked 7 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency were the lead charges "Gambling ships - transmit of wagering information" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1084 and "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846. "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 8 a year ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in prosecutions—up 2700 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1955 that involves " Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses ". This was the same statute that had the largest increase—1300 %—when compared with five years ago.

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 80 percent—was Collection of extensions of credit by extortionate (Title 18 U.S.C Section 894 ). This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 60 %—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government brought 13.3 organized crime prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of prosecutions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.


Judicial District Count Rank  
Cal, S 19 1 More
Hawaii 6 2 More
Ken, E 4 3 More
N. J. 3 4 More
N. Y., E 2 5 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Southern District of California (San Diego)—with 19 prosecutions—was the most active during June 2013.

  • The District of Hawaii ranked 2nd.

  • Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) is now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Sammartino, Janis Lynn Cal, S 19 1 More
Kobayashi, Leslie Emi Hawaii 4 2 More
Reeves, Danny C. Ken, E 4 2 More
Seabright, J[ohn] Michael Hawaii 2 4 More
Linares, Jose L. N. J. 2 4 More
Thompson, Anne Elise N. J. 1 6 More
Dearie, Raymond Joseph N. Y., E 1 6 More
Seybert, Joanna N. Y., E 1 6 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 8 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime filings .

  • Judge Janis Lynn Sammartino in the Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 1st with 19 defendants in organized crime cases.

  • Judges Leslie Emi Kobayashi in the District of Hawaii and Danny C. Reeves in the Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) ranked 2nd with 4 defendants in organized crime cases.

Report Generated: August 20, 2013
TRAC Copyright
Copyright 2013, TRAC Reports, Inc.

TRAC RSS Feed for this page Email Feed for this page Email this page