Organized Crime Convictions for July 2013

Number Latest Month 31
Percent Change from previous month 19.2
Percent Change from 1 year ago -36.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -40.8
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -41.8
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during July 2013 the government reported 31 new organized crime convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 19.2% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-36.4 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 40.8 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in organized crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of organized crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within organized crime are

  • Organized Crime - Traditional Organizations

  • Organized Crime - Emerging Organizations

The largest number of convictions of these matters in July 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization", accounting for 54.8 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Organized Crime-High Priority Organized" ( 25.8%), "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization" (19.4%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for organized crime convictions in July 2013 was FBI accounting for 48 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime convictions were: DEA (32% ), ATF (3%), DHS (3%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In July 2013, no defendants in organized crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In July 2013, 31 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during July there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during July.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of organized crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during July 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 17 1 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 5 2 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 3 3 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 1 4 More
18 USC 1344 - Bank Fraud 1 4 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 1 4 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 1 4 More
18 USC 2117 - Breaking or entering carrier facilities 1 4 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 1 4 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In July 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 12.1 organized crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Cal, C 9 1 More
N. Y., E 7 2 More
Penn, E 4 3 More
Ill, N 2 4 More
N. J. 2 4 More
N. Y., W 2 4 More
Fla, M 1 7 More
Mass 1 7 More
N. Y., S 1 7 More
Ohio, N 1 7 More
Wash, W 1 7 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Central District of California (Los Angeles)—with 9 convictions—was the most active during July 2013.

  • The Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) ranked 2nd.

  • Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) is now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during July 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Robreno, Eduardo C. Penn, E 4 1 More
Wexler, Leonard D. N. Y., E 3 2 More
Townes, Sandra L. N. Y., E 3 2 More
Leinenweber, Harry Daniel Ill, N 2 4 More
Fischer, Dale S. Cal, C 1 5 More
Moody, James S., Jr. Fla, M 1 5 More
Tauro, Joseph Louis Mass 1 5 More
Walls, William H. N. J. 1 5 More
McNulty, Kevin Charles N. J. 1 5 More
Amon, Carol Bagley N. Y., E 1 5 More
Castel, P. Kevin N. Y., S 1 5 More
Siragusa, Charles J. N. Y., W 1 5 More
Skretny, William M. N. Y., W 1 5 More
Boyko, Christopher A. Ohio, N 1 5 More
Coughenour, John C. Wash, W 1 5 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 15 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 15 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Eduardo C. Robreno in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) ranked 1st with 4 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judges Leonard D. Wexler in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) and Sandra L. Townes in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) ranked 2nd with 3 convicted in organized crime convictions.

Report Generated: September 23, 2013
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