Organized Crime Convictions for January 2013
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2013 the government reported 38 new organized crime convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 192.3% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom
of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-11.3 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 8.1 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime convictions
The increase from the levels five years ago in organized crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of organized crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within organized crime are
The largest number of convictions of these matters in January 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization", accounting for 65.8 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization
" (28.9%), "Organized Crime-High Priority Organized" (5.3%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for organized crime convictions in January 2013
was FBI accounting for 76 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime convictions were:
DEA (11% ), ATF (8%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency
Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In January 2013, no defendants
in organized crime cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In January 2013, 38 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of organized crime matters
filed in U.S. District Court during January 2013.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Firearms; Unlawful acts" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 922.
Ranked 3rd were
"Conspiracy to defraud the Government claims" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 286, "Sale or receipt of stolen goods, etc" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2315 and "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In January 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 14.9 organized crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn)—with 13 convictions—was the most active during January 2013.
The Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 2nd.
Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) and Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) are now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during January 2013 are shown in Table 4.
All 18 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 18 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Michael M. Anello in the Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 1st with 6 convicted in organized crime convictions.
Judge Sandra J. Feuerstein in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) ranked 2nd with 5 convicted in organized crime convictions.
Judges James S. Gwin in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) and John Thomas Fowlkes, Jr. in the Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) ranked 3rd with 4 convicted in organized crime convictions.
Report Generated: March 5, 2013