Organized Crime Convictions for February 2014

Number Latest Month 21
Percent Change from previous month -58.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago -1.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -37.6
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -37.6
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during February 2014 the government reported 21 new organized crime convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 58% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2014 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was only slightly down (-1.2 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 37.6 percent from levels reported in 2009.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in organized crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of organized crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within organized crime are

  • Organized Crime - Traditional Organizations

  • Organized Crime - Emerging Organizations

The largest number of convictions of these matters in February 2014 was for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization", accounting for 66.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization " (33.3%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for organized crime convictions in February 2014 was FBI accounting for 67 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime convictions were: DHS (14% ), ATF (10%), Local (5%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In February 2014, no defendants in organized crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In February 2014, 21 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during February there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during February.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of organized crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during February 2014.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 6 1 More
18 USC 1028 - Fraud and related activity - id documents 2 2 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 2 2 More
18 USC 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses 2 2 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 2 2 More
08 USC 1324 - Bringing in and harboring certain aliens 1 6 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 1 6 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 1 6 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 1 6 More
18 USC 1956 - Laundering of monetary instruments 1 6 More
18 USC 1961 - RICO - definitions 1 6 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 1 6 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency were the lead charges "Fraud and related activity - id documents" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028, "Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343, "Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1955 and "Drug Abuse Preventio n & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In February 2014 the Justice Department said the government obtained 8 organized crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Ken, E 4 1 More
N. J. 3 2 More
Nevada 3 2 More
Mo, E 2 4 More
Cal, S 1 5 More
Conn 1 5 More
Fla, S 1 5 More
Ga, N 1 5 More
Mass 1 5 More
Mich, W 1 5 More
N. Y., E 1 5 More
Tenn, W 1 5 More
Virg, E 1 5 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington)—with 4 convictions—was the most active during February 2014.

  • The District of New Jersey and District of Nevada ranked 2nd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during February 2014 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Reeves, Danny C. Ken, E 4 1 More
Barksdale, Patricia D. Mo, E 2 2 More
Pro, Philip Martin Nevada 2 2 More
Anello, Michael M. Cal, S 1 4 More
Covello, Alfred V. Conn 1 4 More
Dimitrouleas, William P. Fla, S 1 4 More
Story, Richard W. Ga, N 1 4 More
Wolf, Mark Lawrence Mass 1 4 More
Jonker, Robert James Mich, W 1 4 More
Cooper, Mary Little N. J. 1 4 More
Thompson, Anne Elise N. J. 1 4 More
Linares, Jose L. N. J. 1 4 More
Wexler, Leonard D. N. Y., E 1 4 More
Hunt, Roger L. Nevada 1 4 More
Breen, J. Daniel Tenn, W 1 4 More
Gibney, John Adrian, Jr. Virg, E 1 4 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 16 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 16 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Danny C. Reeves in the Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) ranked 1st with 4 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judges Patricia D. Barksdale in the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis) and Philip Martin Pro in the District of Nevada ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in organized crime convictions.

Report Generated: April 24, 2014
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Copyright 2014, TRAC Reports, Inc.

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