Organized Crime Convictions for December 2013

Number Latest Month 26
Percent Change from previous month 13.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago 9.7
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -33.9
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -33.9
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during December 2013 the government reported 26 new organized crime convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 13% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (9.7 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 33.9 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in organized crime convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of organized crime convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within organized crime are

  • Organized Crime - Traditional Organizations

  • Organized Crime - Emerging Organizations

The largest number of convictions of these matters in December 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization", accounting for 88.5 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization " (11.5%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for organized crime convictions in December 2013 was FBI accounting for 50 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime convictions were: DHS (12% ), ATF (4%), DEA (4%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In December 2013, no defendants in organized crime cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Organized Crime Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In December 2013, 26 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during December there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during December.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of organized crime matters filed in U.S. District Court during December 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 7 1 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 5 2 More
18 USC 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses 4 3 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 2 4 More
18 USC 4 - Misprision of Felony 1 5 More
18 USC 894 - Collection of extensions of credit by extortionate 1 5 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 1 5 More
18 USC 1028 - Fraud and related activity - id documents 1 5 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 1 5 More
18 USC 2320 - Trafficking in counterfeit goods or services 1 5 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 1 5 More
26 USC 7201 - Attempt to evade or defeat tax 1 5 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1349) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Hobbs Act" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1955.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In December 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 9.9 organized crime convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of organized crime convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.


Judicial District Count Rank  
N. Y., S 8 1 More
N. Y., E 3 2 More
Tenn, W 3 2 More
N. J. 2 4 More
Penn, E 2 4 More
Cal, S 1 6 More
Conn 1 6 More
Delaware 1 6 More
Fla, S 1 6 More
Mo, E 1 6 More
N. Y., W 1 6 More
Nevada 1 6 More
Virg, E 1 6 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Southern District of New York (Manhattan)—with 8 convictions—was the most active during December 2013.

  • The Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) and Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) ranked 2nd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during December 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Cote, Denise L. N. Y., S 7 1 More
Breen, J. Daniel Tenn, W 3 2 More
Anello, Michael M. Cal, S 1 3 More
Bryant, Vanessa Lynne Conn 1 3 More
Sleet, Gregory Moneta Delaware 1 3 More
Dimitrouleas, William P. Fla, S 1 3 More
Barksdale, Patricia D. Mo, E 1 3 More
Thompson, Anne Elise N. J. 1 3 More
Kugler, Robert B. N. J. 1 3 More
Korman, Edward Robert N. Y., E 1 3 More
Vitaliano, Eric Nicholas N. Y., E 1 3 More
Townes, Sandra L. N. Y., E 1 3 More
Gardephe, Paul G. N. Y., S 1 3 More
Arcara, Richard Joseph N. Y., W 1 3 More
George, Lloyd D. Nevada 1 3 More
Joyner, J. Curtis Penn, E 1 3 More
Diamond, Paul Steven Penn, E 1 3 More
Gibney, John Adrian, Jr. Virg, E 1 3 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 18 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 18 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Denise L. Cote in the Southern District of New York (Manhattan) ranked 1st with 7 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judge J. Daniel Breen in the Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) ranked 2nd with 3 convicted in organized crime convictions.

  • Judges Michael M. Anello in the Southern District of California (San Diego), Vanessa Lynne Bryant in the District of Connecticut, Gregory Moneta Sleet in the District of Delaware, William P. Dimitrouleas in the Southern District of Florida (Miami), Patricia D. Ba rksdale in the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), Anne Elise Thompson in the District of New Jersey, Robert B. Kugler in the District of New Jersey, Edward Robert Korman in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn), Eric Nicholas Vital ranked 3rd with 1 convicted in organized crime convictions.

Report Generated: February 11, 2014
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