Organized Crime Prosecutions for April 2013
Table 1: Criminal Organized Crime Prosecutions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during April 2013 the government reported 59 new organized crime prosecutions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 136% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants charged with organized crime-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom
of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of filings was the same.
Prosecutions over the past year are still much the same than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are at the same level as in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in organized crime prosecutions
The from the levels five years ago in organized crime prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of organized crime prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of organized crime, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within organized crime are
The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in April 2013 was for "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization", accounting for 96.6 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for organized crime prosecutions in April 2013
was FBI accounting for 34 percent of prosecutions referred.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of organized crime referrals were:
FBI (34% ), DEA (3%), DHS (3%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions
Figure 3: Prosecutions by investigative agency
Organized Crime Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In April 2013, 4 defendants
in organized crime cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in April the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 18 U.S.C Section 1028 involving the "Fraud and related activity - id documents". This was the lead charge
for 75 percent of all magistrate filings in April.
Organized Crime Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts
In April 2013, 55 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during April there
were an additional 1 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during April.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of organized crime matters
filed in U.S. District Court during April 2013.
Table 2: Top charges filed
"RICO - prohibited activities" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
Ranked 2nd in frequency were the lead charges "Transportation of stolen goods, etc" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2314 and "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 5 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in prosecutions—up 3500 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962
that involves " RICO - prohibited activities
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—400 percent—was registered for
prosecutions under " Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1955 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 50 percent—was
Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A
(Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in prosecutions— 85.7 percent—was
for filings where the lead charge was " Bank Fraud
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1344
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In April 2013 the Justice Department said the government brought 21.9 organized crime prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of organized crime prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of prosecutions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 organized crime prosecutions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The Southern District of New York (Manhattan)—with 818 prosecutions as compared with 21.9 prosecutions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during April 2013.
The Southern District of New York (Manhattan) was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 for most frequent use five years ago.
The Western District of North Carolina (Asheville) ranked 2nd.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of organized crime prosecutions compared to one year ago— 180 percent—was
Southern District of New York (Manhattan).
This was the same district that had the largest increase— 82.6 percent—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new organized crime crime cases of this type during April 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 3 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of organized crime filings per capita, while the remaining 7 judges were from other districts.
Judge Jesse Matthew Furman in the Southern District of New York (Manhattan) ranked 1st with 34 defendants in organized crime cases.
Judge Frank DeArmon Whitney in the Western District of North Carolina (Asheville) ranked 2nd with 9 defendants in organized crime cases.
Judges John Arnold Kronstadt in the Central District of California (Los Angeles) and Gloria Maria Navarro in the District of Nevada ranked 3rd with 3 defendants in organized crime cases.
Report Generated: June 10, 2013