Convictions for September 2013
Referring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during September 2013 the government reported 1331 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 37.6% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (2.4 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 0.9 percent from levels reported in 2008.
The leveling out in
these cases is partly related to increases in the matters filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. If magistrate cases
are excluded and only Federal District Court cases are counted, the overall decrease in
convictions is 0.6 percent instead of 0.9 percent.
The evidence suggests that part of the difference may be the result of improvements in the recording of the magistrate cases
by the Justice Department.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in September 2013 was for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force", accounting for 14.4 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (13.6%), "
Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (12.8%), "Project Safe Childhood" (9%), "Bank Robbery" (7.1%), "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major" (4.9%), "Violence-Other" (3.8%), "Fraud-Financial Institution" (3.7%), "Fraud-Mortgage" (3.2%), "
Violence-Indian Country" (3.1%), "Fraud-Other" (3%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (2.7%), "Fraud-Health Care" (2.4%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In September 2013, 9 defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in September the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 18 U.S.C Section 113 involving the "Assaults within maritime and territorial jurisdictions". This was the lead charge
for 33.3 percent of all magistrate convictions in September.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In September 2013, 1322 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during September there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during September.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during September 2013referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846.
"Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113.
"Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 18.9 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 371
that involves " Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—218.8 percent—was registered for
convictions under " Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1349 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 22.4 percent—was
Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 37.2 percent—was
for convictions where the lead charge was " Bank robbery and incidental crimes
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In September 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 516.7 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The District of Washington, D.C. (Washington)—with 3402 convictions as compared with 516.7 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during September 2013.
The District of Montana ranked 2nd.
Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) is now ranking 3rd.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville), now ranked
, and Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis)
In the same order, these districts ranked 17th and 18th one year ago and 47th and 21st five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 39.6 percent—was
Northern District of Alabama (Birmingham).
This was the same district that had the largest increase— 100 percent—when compared with five years ago.
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of convictions— 36.6 percent—was
Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis).
But over the past five years,
Southern District of Alabama (Mobile)
showed the largest drop— 47.4 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during September 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 3 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 9 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 12 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Barbara M. Lynn in the Northern District of Texas (Fort Worth) ranked 1st with 36 convicted in convictions.
Judge Fernando J. Gaitan, Jr. in the Western District of Missouri (Kansas City) ranked 2nd with 20 convicted in convictions.
Judge Thomas A. Varlan in the Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) ranked 3rd with 16 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: November 25, 2013