Convictions for June 2013

Referring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Number Latest Month 895
Percent Change from previous month -6.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago 1.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -0.6
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -0.6
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 895 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 6% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was only slightly up (1.4 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 0.6 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen", accounting for 16.9 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (11.2%) , "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (11.1%), "Project Safe Childhood" (8.3%), "Bank Robbery" (7.3%), "Fraud-Mortgage" (4.4%), "Violence-Indian Country" (4%), "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major" (3.8%), "Violence-Other" (3.5%), "Fraud-Financial Institution" (3.2%) , "Fraud-Health Care" (2.2%), "Fraud-Other" (2.2%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (2.1%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In June 2013, 6 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in June the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 111 involving the "Assaulting, resisting, impeding certain officers". This was the lead charge for 33.3 percent of all magistrate convictions in June.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In June 2013, 889 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 92 1 2 2 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 85 2 1 3 More
18 USC 2113 - Bank robbery and incidental crimes 67 3 3 1 More
18 USC 2252 - Material involving sexual exploitation of minors 46 4 4 4 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 41 5 5 8 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 33 6 7 5 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 28 7 10 7 More
18 USC 1344 - Bank Fraud 23 8 6 6 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 22 9 11 11 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 21 10 13 12 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113. "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 37.4 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 922 that involves " Firearms; Unlawful acts ". This was the same statute that had the largest increase—55.4 %—when compared with five years ago.

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 22.6 percent—was Bank Fraud (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1344 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 34.5 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Bank robbery and incidental crimes " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 347.5 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.

Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
D. C. 2,802 14 1 25 21 More
Montana 2,585 21 2 26 36 More
S Dakota 2,068 14 3 35 36 More
Alaska 1,577 9 4 65 61 More
N Dakota 1,299 7 5 77 64 More
Ken, E 1,218 22 6 53 25 More
Okla, N 1,191 10 7 70 76 More
Hawaii 1,112 12 8 59 64 More
Okla, W 1,109 18 9 36 27 More
Nevada 999 22 10 22 52 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The District of Washington, D.C. (Washington)—with 2802 convictions as compared with 347.5 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during June 2013.

  • The District of Montana ranked 2nd.

  • District of South Dakota is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Nevada , now ranked 10th , and Washington, D.C. (Washington) at 1st In the same order, these districts ranked 22nd and 25th one year ago and 52nd and 21st five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 87.5 percent—was North Dakota . Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 173.3 percent—was Northern District of Oklahoma (Tulsa).

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 14.3 percent—was Nevada .  But over the past five years, Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) showed the largest drop— 30.6 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Gonzalez, Irma Elsa Cal, S 15 1 More
Cooke, Marcia G. Fla, S 14 2 More
Adams, John R. Ohio, N 11 3 More
Bunning, David L. Ken, E 10 4 More
Christensen, Dana Lewis Montana 10 4 More
Marra, Kenneth A. Fla, S 9 6 More
Nugent, Donald C. Ohio, N 8 7 More
Lee, Gerald Bruce Virg, E 8 7 More
Proctor, R. David Ala, N 7 9 More
Dimitrouleas, William P. Fla, S 7 9 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 2 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 8 judges were from other districts.

  • Judge Irma Elsa Gonzalez in the Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 1st with 15 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge Marcia G. Cooke in the Southern District of Florida (Miami) ranked 2nd with 14 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge John R. Adams in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 3rd with 11 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: August 20, 2013
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Copyright 2013, TRAC Reports, Inc.

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