Prosecutions for June 2013
Referring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation
Table 1: Criminal Prosecutions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 1078 new prosecutions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 10.6% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants charged are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of filings was only slightly down (-1.9 percent).
Prosecutions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are down 3.5 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in prosecutions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen", accounting for 28.8 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (8.6%), "
Project Safe Childhood" (7.4%), "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major" (5.7%), "Bank Robbery" (5.4%), "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (4.6%), "Violence-Other" (4.4%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (3.3%), "Organized Crime-Traditional Organization" (2.8%)
, "Customs-Currency Violations" (2.6%), "Fraud-Health Care" (2%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions
Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In June 2013, 176 defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in June the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 involving the "Attempt and conspiracy". This was the lead charge
for 16.5 percent of all magistrate filings in June.
Other frequently prosecuted lead charges include: "21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (9.7%), "18 USC 2113 - Bank robbery and incidental crimes" (8%), "
18 USC 1073 - Flight to Avoid Prosecution or Giving Testimony" (7.4%), "18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act" (5.7%).
Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts
In June 2013, 902 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there
were an additional 130 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Table 2: Top charges filed
"Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113.
"Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in prosecutions—up 1350 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1033
that involves " Insurance Fraud
This was the same statute that had the largest increase—625 %—when compared with five years ago.
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 26.9 percent—was
Attempt and conspiracy
(Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in prosecutions— 39.8 percent—was
for filings where the lead charge was " Bank robbery and incidental crimes
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government brought 403.4 prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of prosecutions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 prosecutions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The District of South Dakota—with 3545 prosecutions as compared with 403.4 prosecutions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during June 2013.
The Southern District of Alabama (Mobile) ranked 2nd.
District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) is now ranking 3rd.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Washington, D.C. (Washington), now ranked
, and Eastern District of Texas (Tyler)
In the same order, these districts ranked 16th and 22nd one year ago and 55th and 33rd five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of prosecutions compared to one year ago— 59.4 percent—was
This was the same district that had the largest increase— 200 percent—when compared with five years ago.
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of prosecutions— 36.6 percent—was
Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland).
But over the past five years,
Southern District of Alabama (Mobile)
showed the largest drop— 13.7 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 8 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of filings per capita, while the remaining 3 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 11 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Kenneth A. Marra in the Southern District of Florida (Miami) ranked 1st with 28 defendants in cases.
Judge Janis Lynn Sammartino in the Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 2nd with 21 defendants in cases.
Judge Dan A. Polster in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 3rd with 16 defendants in cases.
Report Generated: August 20, 2013