Convictions for January 2014

Referring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Number Latest Month 955
Percent Change from previous month 12.8
Percent Change from 1 year ago -3.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 2.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 2.7
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2014 the government reported 955 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 12.8% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2014 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-3.4 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 2.5 percent from levels reported in 2009.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in January 2014 was for "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen", accounting for 12.1 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (11.3 %), "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (10.3%), "Project Safe Childhood" (9.4%), "Bank Robbery" (5.1%), "Violence-Other" (5.1%), "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major" (4.4%), "Violence-Indian Country" (4.2%), "Fraud-Other" (3.7%), "Fraud-Health Care" (3.5%), " Fraud-Financial Institution" (3.4%), "Fraud-Mortgage" (3%), "Other Criminal Prosecutions" (2.6%), "Organized Crime-Emerging Organization" (2.3%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In January 2014, no defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In January 2014, 953 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during January 2014referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 99 1 1 3 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 85 2 2 2 More
18 USC 2113 - Bank robbery and incidental crimes 52 3 3 1 More
18 USC 2252 - Material involving sexual exploitation of minors 49 4 6 4 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 46 5 5 8 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 35 6 9 7 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 28 7 7 10 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 28 7 4 6 More
18 USC 1347 - Health Care Fraud 27 9 13 12 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 27 9 11 15 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113. "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 11.3 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 371 that involves " Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—226.9 percent—was registered for convictions under " Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1349 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 29.6 percent—was Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 36 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Bank robbery and incidental crimes " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In January 2014 the Justice Department said the government obtained 364.3 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
S Dakota 3,312 23 1 29 25 More
D. C. 2,467 13 2 19 36 More
Montana 2,030 17 3 24 21 More
Ala, S 1,438 10 4 63 48 More
Cal, S 1,181 33 5 6 40 More
Ga, S 1,092 14 6 76 59 More
N. Y., S 1,047 45 7 15 5 More
Ala, M 1,045 10 8 81 83 More
Vermont 958 5 9 93 85 More
Fla, S 814 47 10 2 1 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The District of South Dakota—with 3312 convictions as compared with 364.3 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during January 2014.

  • The District of Washington, D.C. (Washington) ranked 2nd.

  • District of Montana is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Southern District of New York (Manhattan), now ranked 7th , and Washington, D.C. (Washington) at 2nd In the same order, these districts ranked 15th and 19th one year ago and 5th and 36th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 225 percent—was Vermont . Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 203.7 percent—was Southern District of California (San Diego).

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 16.8 percent—was Washington, D.C. (Washington).  But over the past five years, Southern District of Alabama (Mobile) showed the largest drop— 20.9 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during January 2014 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Fuste, Jose Antonio Puer Rico 15 1 More
Fuller, Mark E. Ala, M 10 2 More
Williams, Alexander, Jr. Maryland 10 2 More
Sullivan, Emmet G. D. C. 9 4 More
Pratt, Tanya Walton Ind, S 9 4 More
Quarles, William D., Jr. Maryland 9 4 More
Oetken, James Paul N. Y., S 9 4 More
Moore, Kevin Michael Fla, S 8 8 More
Edenfield, Berry Avant Ga, S 8 8 More
Varlan, Thomas A. Tenn, E 8 8 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 5 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 5 judges were from other districts.

  • Judge Jose Antonio Fuste in the District of Puerto Rico ranked 1st with 15 convicted in convictions.

  • Judges Mark E. Fuller in the Middle District of Alabama (Montgomery) and Alexander Williams, Jr. in the District of Maryland ranked 2nd with 10 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: March 17, 2014
TRAC Copyright
Copyright 2014, TRAC Reports, Inc.

TRAC RSS Feed for this page Email Feed for this page Email this page