Convictions for January 2013
Referring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2013 the government reported 1130 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 26.5% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (5.8 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 15.1 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The increase from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in January 2013 was for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force", accounting for 15.1 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (13.6
%), "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (9.3%), "Bank Robbery" (8.8%), "Project Safe Childhood" (8.2%), "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major" (6.3%), "Violence-Indian Country" (4%), "Violence-Other" (4%), "Fraud-Financial Institution" (3.7%), "Fraud-Health Care" (3%)
, "Fraud-Mortgage" (2.4%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In January 2013, no defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In January 2013, 1128 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during January 2013referred by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Attempt and conspiracy" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113.
"Bank robbery and incidental crimes" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 2113 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 31 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343
that involves " Fraud by wire, radio, or television
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—87 percent—was registered for
convictions under " Firearms; Unlawful acts
" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 922 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 22.4 percent—was
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1344 ).
This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 37.3 %—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In January 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 440.9 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The District of New Mexico—with 2986 convictions as compared with 440.9 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during January 2013.
The District of Montana ranked 2nd.
District of South Dakota is now ranking 3rd.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Southern District of California (San Diego), now ranked
, and Montana
In the same order, these districts ranked 14th and 18th one year ago and 43rd and 28th five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 70.2 percent—was
Washington, D.C. (Washington).
Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 236 percent—was
Southern District of California (San Diego).
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of convictions— 12 percent—was
But over the past five years,
Southern District of Alabama (Mobile)
showed the largest drop— 23.8 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during January 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 4 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 6 judges were from other districts.
Judge Marilyn L. Huff in the Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 1st with 21 convicted in convictions.
Judge Donald C. Nugent in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 2nd with 19 convicted in convictions.
Judge Louis Guirola, Jr. in the Southern District of Mississippi (Jackson) ranked 3rd with 14 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: March 5, 2013